As Report Reveals Toxic Ingredients in Baby Shampoo, Johnson & Johnson Goes Public with Plans to Clean Up Products


As Report Reveals Toxic Ingredients in Baby Shampoo, Johnson & Johnson Goes Public with Plans to Clean Up Products

http://www.forbes.com/sites/amywestervelt/2011/11/01/as-report-reveals-toxic-ingredients-in-baby-shampoo-johnson-johnson-goes-public-with-plans-to-clean-up-products/

Comment Now Follow Comments
See below for a recent update. Less than a month after Johnson & Johnson ranked as the most trusted brand in America in Forbes‘ survey comes a report that could give consumers pause, calling the company out for removing chemicals of concern in its iconic baby shampoo in some countries, but not others. The product currently on shelves in the United States, Canada, and China still contains known carcinogens. In recent years, J&J baby shampoo has become the poster child for the need for chemical reform in the United States; nothing says we need tighter chemical regulation than toxic baby shampoo.
The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics came out with the news two years ago that Johnson & Johnson’s iconic baby shampoo contained the formaldehyde-releasing preservative quaternium-15, as well as the chemical byproduct 1,4-dioxane. Formaldehyde and 1,4-dioxane are known carcinogens. The federal Consumer Product Safety Commission has reported that “the presence of 1,4-dioxane, even as a trace contaminant, is cause for concern,” and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services added formaldehyde to its list of known human carcinogens in June 2011.

In 2009, the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics, along with 40 other organizations (including American Nurses Association, Physicians for Social Responsibility, the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners) sent a letter to J&J outlining their concerns with the company’s products, particularly its baby shampoo. The American Nurses Association and the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics have since met several times with Johnson & Johnson executives to discuss the matter. The content of those discussions is confidential, but it seems as though if progress were being made, the organization would not have been sending around its latest report, under embargo, yesterday.

That report states that while J&J has removed the formaldehyde-releasing preservative from its baby shampoo in several countries, in the United States if you want carcinogen-free baby shampoo you need to pay double the price for the company’s “Natural” brand of baby shampoo.

We heard from allies across the globe that the formulations in their countries were different than those in the United States, and these are countries like Sweden, South Africa and Japan where the chemical is also not regulated,” says Lisa Archer, national coordinator for the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics at Breast Cancer Fund. “That’s a double standard.”

When Johnson & Johnson caught wind of the report, they contacted the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics and got to work on a statement, indicating that they are in the process of phasing the formaldehyde-releasing preservative out of their baby products, worldwide.

The preservative technologies we use are safe and approved by authorities in the European Union and in the United States, as well as in China and India, and we have not seen any evidence of allergy in hundreds of millions of real life uses of these products,” the statement reads. “However, we know that some consumers are concerned about formaldehyde, which is why we offer many products without formaldehyde releasing preservatives, and are phasing out these types of preservatives in our baby products worldwide. We are no longer introducing new baby products that contain these types of preservatives. Over the past few years or so, we already have reduced the number of formulations globally with formaldehyde releaser preservatives by 33% and in the U.S. by over 60%.”

The statement also includes information about the company’s move to rid its products of 1,4-dioxane. “We have reformulated approximately 70% of our baby products with new cleansing formulations that keep trace levels of 1,4 dioxane at below reliably detectable levels,” it says.

The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics revised the release of their report, indicating Johnson & Johnson’s progress on the matter. Archer says the company’s statement is great news, particularly because J&J has been hesitant to publicly share anything it’s doing about toxics. “There are still questions to be answered, though,” she says. “What’s the timeline for phasing 1,4-dioxane and quaternium-15?”

There are also other, non-baby products in the company’s lines that are of concern, Archer notes, and additional chemicals of concern, beyond formaldehyde and 1,4-dioxane, in the company’s baby products (such as fragrance, which is protected by trade secret laws and could contain any number of potentially dangerous chemicals).

This is great news, and different from what we expected based on past interactions,” Archer says. “But it’s not over. We have to see how quickly they’re willing to make this shift and where.”
Update: On November 16th, Johnson & Johnson announced that it would remove quaternium-15 and other formaldehyde-releasing preservatives from all of its baby products worldwide within two years, and reduce 1,4 dioxane in all of its baby products to less than 4 parts per million (ppm). Long term, the company indicated it will replace the chemical process, called ethoxylation, that results in 1,4 dioxane contamination. Johnson & Johnson also announced that it has removed phthalates from all of its baby products worldwide. The announcement does not cover the company’s non-baby products (e.g. products in the Neutrogena and Aveeno lines).

Avoid commercial and johnson’s baby shampoo- its toxic


Why Johnson & Johnson Baby Shampoo is Not for Babies

An infant is the purest thing in this world, wouldn’t you agree?  Still as yet untouched by the chemicals and environment of a world we are trying to quickly destroy, a newborn baby ought to be kept clear of those products and ingredients which may lead to harm in the body sometime later in life.  You would think everyone shares this sentiment.  After-all, most people go to great lengths in order to use clean blankets and towels for their newborn as well as washing hands before holding them, limiting number of hands contacting their skin in the first month at least, as well as other ‘protective guidelines.’  You would assume that a company who makes a ‘baby shampoo’ has the baby’s best interest in mind.  You would also assume that baby shampoo was free of toxic chemicals, I mean – who would formulate an infant shampoo using harmful substances?  Here we will look at just a few reasons why Johnson & Johnson baby shampoo is not for babies – at all.  In fact, why no one should use this toxic soup of ingredients for anything other than pest control.

For more than a century, Johnson & Johnson has promoted themselves as carrying ‘the gentlest baby shampoo’ on the market.  Their website states: “For more than a hundred years, new mothers have trusted JOHNSON’S® Baby products to provide the purest, gentlest and mildest care for their babies—from the first morning cuddle to the last bedtime kiss.”  Yes, mothers have trusted them, but have they valued that trust and really provided the safest, gentlest, mildest products possible for babies?

Let’s take a look at the ingredients.  After water, the first ingredient listed is called Cocamidopropyl Betaine, voted allergen of the year in 2004 by the American Contact Dermatitis Society.  An interesting way to start an infant formula meant to go on a brand new scalp, but okay, moving on.  Ingredient number three is PEG-80 Sorbitan Laurate – anyone have a clue what that is?  I didn’t know upon first glance, which is an immediate red flag for me. Upon looking it up, the first match I found was for the Environmental Working Group which lists this ingredient, on a scale of ‘over-all hazards’ as ‘moderate.’  Not mild, but moderate.  It also says there is strong evidence that this ingredient is a human skin allergen.

The next one on the list, Sodium Trideceth Sulfate.  Again, not sure what this is right off, so after looking it up I find this ingredient can also be a skin allergen and is used mainly in adult formulas.  Here’s a clincher – the ingredient 1,4-dioxane is a commonly used skin care ingredient that does not have to be listed because it is considered a contaminant produced during manufacturing, though it has been found in 57% of baby soaps according to The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics.  Is it in Johnson & Johnson baby shampoo, many believe so.  When this ingredient is combined with Quaternium-15, which is the ninth item listed on Johnson & Johnson baby shampoo, formaldehyde is produced.  Tetrasodium EDTA, which is listed just before Quaternium-15 is a preservative created from formaldehyde.  Why are we using formaldehyde on babies?

We can go on to finish the ingredient list with several reportedly harmless dyes, though not food-sourced.  So, why is Johnson & Johnson creating a baby shampoo that is not sensitive in the least for newborn babies when there are so many possible safe, gentle ingredients out there?  It appears that the ingredients of choice for the past 100 years gaining time-honored respect from mothers everywhere are really just toxins and toxic by-products of other toxic ingredients.  Yes, they make bubbles, and sure do smell good – or do they?  We have so long associated that ‘clean baby smell’ with the ingredients of said product, even though they in and of themselves are not so clean.

Today, you can go into nearly any good grocers and find pure castile soap, a genuinely clean option for soap, shampoo and over-all cleaner safe enough for anyone, including babies.  There is no need to go to all the trouble of combining toxic substances and coloring them with fake dye in order to please the mothers of the world.  In fact, mothers everywhere should be outraged at this shampoo which has been freely given to them over the years as the number one choice for baby soaps this century.  Something must change.  Johnson & Johnson baby shampoo is definitely not for babies, so why not make a healthier choice that is – and stop overloading our wee ones with unneeded burdens early on?

Written by: Stasia Bliss

Natural bloating /gas/ flatulence remedies


fennel seeds to help cure gas and bloating

Gas and bloating is a sign that food is not being digested correctly by the body. When gas doesn’t pass through belching or flatulence, it can build up in the stomach and intestines and lead to bloating. Bloating is often accompanied by abdominal pain — either mild and dull or sharp and intense. Passing gas or having a bowel movement may relieve the pain. Fatty foods cause a formation of fat cells to develop throughout the body and contribute to bloating as well. So how to get rid of bloating fast without drugs? The help can be found in your kitchen. Follow the natural bloating gas flatulence remedies to get rid of bloating fast.

Natural bloating gas flatulence remedies

One simple remedy is to prepare a concoction of fennel seeds, cardamom, mint leaves, and ginger. All you need is half teaspoon of fennel seeds, six cardamoms, three mint leaves and 1/4 teaspoon of freshly grated ginger. Add all the ingredients to water and let it simmer for 15 minutes on low heat. Take half to one cup, 3-4 times a day (More bloating, gas and stomach pain remedies are listed below).

Causes

Bloating, burping and passing gas are natural and are usually caused by swallowed air or the breakdown of food through digestion.    Stomach pain is often related to gas or indigestion due to poor food choices. Common causes of abdominal bloating are:

  • Overeating
  • Lactose intolerance, fructose intolerance and other food intolerances
  • Food allergy
  • Aerophagia (air swallowing, a nervous habit)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Partial bowel obstruction
  • Gastric dumping syndrome or rapid gastric emptying
  • Gas-producing foods
  • Constipation

Bloating and gas remedies

If the pressure builds, passing gas can be painful. But usually the discomfort is more social than physical. To put a stop to the sputtering, try these fast-acting tips

Chew fennel seeds

Fennel helps to dissipate gas by relaxing muscle spasms in the digestive tract. Chewing one-half teaspoon of seeds is usually enough to leave you flatulence-free.

Pull the plug on pressure

To alleviate gas pressure in your lower abdomen, try this simple exercise. Lie on your back with your knees bent. Then alternately raise each knee toward your chest until you feel relief.

Cardamom & fennel infusioncardamom powder for kidney problems

Equal amount of cardamom and fennel powder approx 1/2 teaspoon infused in a cup of warm water can be taken before meal as a remedy for gas and bloating.

Mixture of  fennel seeds, cumin and dry ginger in black salt

Ingredients: black pepper 25 gm, Dried ginger 50 gm, fennel seeds 50 gm, black salt 50 gm, cumin seeds 50 gm.

Preparation: Chop or grind the above ingredients in a chopper and take 1/2 teaspoon every 4-5 hours, with warm water, for fast relief of bloating and gas problems.

Use carminative herbs

Take carminative (gas dis-spelling) herbs like ginger, cardamom  fennel,   bay leaves, orange peel, peppermint.

Use indian wild celery with rock salt

Take pinch of  Indian wild celery seed (Ajwain), with a pinch of rock salt.

Cummin, coriander, and fennel mixture

Mix equal amount of cumin, coriander, and fennel and take 1/4 teaspoon before meal.

Curry leaves to prevent gas and bloating

Use curry leaves in your food to prevent gas and bloating. Curry leaves have been used for centuries in South India as a natural flavoring agent in somber, rasam and curries. Chutney can be made by mixing the leaves with coriander leaves, coconut scrapings and tomatoes. The leaves, bark and the root of the curry plant are used in indigenous medicine as a tonic, stimulant and antiflatulent.

Sooth your stomach with oranges and fennel seedfennel seeds to help cure gas and bloating

Make a mixture of a tablespoon each of orange peel and fennel seed added to two cups of water. Boil and then steep this tea. Add honey to sweeten the tea and drink it when you are suffering from indigestion.  The tea should refrigerate for about 48 hours, and will taste primarily like fennel.

Avoid gas forming foods

Avoid gas forming foods such as beans and cabbage family vegetables, raw onions, mixing sweets or fruits with a meal. mixing sweets with salty, oily, starchy and high protein foods.  Avoid combination of dairy products with sour fruits or with bread meat or fish. Avoid refined sugars and refined carbs.

Jaggery and Ginger:

Melt a teaspoon of Jaggery in a pan, as soon as it melts add 1/2 teaspoon of grated ginger. Warm for a few second. Cool a bit before eating. Eat twice a day.

Avoid dessert after meal

Change the habit of taking dessert after meal, it causes fermentation and produces gas. Eat in moderation, avoid eating too much food or mixing different types of foods, or eating frequently. Avoid all kinds of sugars, lactose, fructose, etc.

Also you can reduce bloating  if you:

  • Eat and drink slowly. Taking your time can help you swallow less air. Also, avoid drinking through a straw.
  • Avoid carbonated drinks. They release carbon dioxide gas.
  • Skip the gum and hard candy. When you chew gum or suck on hard candy, you swallow more often than normal. Part of what you’re swallowing is air.
  • Don’t smoke. When you inhale smoke, you also inhale and swallow air.
  • Check your dentures. Poorly fitting dentures can cause you to swallow excess air when you eat and drink.
  • Treat heartburn. For occasional, mild heartburn, ourheartburn remedies may be helpful.

Note: important to remember that bloating gas flatulence are vague symptoms that can be associated with many medical diseases, please consult with your primary care provider as a first step.

Natural Conjunctivitis home remedies


Conjunctivitis home remedies

Popularly known as pink eye, conjunctivitis is a highly contagious inflammation of the conjunctiva, the mucous membrane that lines the inner eyelid and eyeball. The eye becomes red, teary, and swollen. It may also itch and produce a yellow discharge.

The three types of conjunctivitis are allergic, bacterial, and viral. Allergic and viral coniuncliviris can be treated with home remedies, but bacterial conjunctivitis requires antibiotics.

Conjunctivitis home remedies

You can relieve the swelling and pain of conjunctivitis by dampening a washcloth with warm water and applying it to your eyes as a compress for ten minutes several times a day, using a fresh washcloth each time.

Honey

Dissolve three tablespoons honey in two cups of boiling water and let cool to room temperature. Saturate a cotton ball with the solution and wash the crust and pus from one eye then use a second cotton ball dipped in the solution to wash the other eye. Do this three or four times a day. A 2004 study published in the journal of medicinal food showed that applying honey to the eyes reduces pus discharge. inflammation. and redness—possibly due to honey’s antimicrobial benefits.

Baby shampoo

To clean away the crusty secretions due to eye infection, mix 1/2 tsp of baby shampoo and one ounce of warm water and using a cotton ball dipped in the solution wipe the affected eye. Use a fresh cotton ball for each eye.

Chamomile Teachamomile tea for ear ringing tinnitus

To reduce the puffiness and redness of conjunctivitis, soak a Chamomile Tea bag in warm water for three minutes, squeeze out the excess liquid, lie down, and place the warm tea bag over your affected eye for five minutes. Use this treatment four times a day. The soothing chamomile compress reduces inflammation.

Black tea

Place a Tea Bag dampened with warm water over the affected eye for five to ten minutes. Thc tannin in the tea eases the swelling. Do this several times a day (with a fresh tea bag each time)

Fennel Seed

To fight the conjunctivitis infection, place a tea infuser filled with one tablespoon fennel Seed in a teacup, add boiling water, cover with a saucer, and steep for ten minutes. Let cool to the touch. saturate a cotton ball with the funnel tea and place over closed eyes for five minutes.

Saline wash

To make a saline solution to wash the affected eye dissolve one teaspoon of salt in two cups of water, bring to a rolling boil for three minutes, and let cool. Apply the eyewash with a sterilized eyedropper or eyecup.

Eat fishfish for hyperthyroidism

Eat Salmon, Tuna, or Sardines, to reduce the puffiness of conjunctivitis, eat a four-ounce serving of salmon, sardines, or tuna three times a week to add omega—3 fatty acids to your diet. The omega-3 oils in fish reduceinflammation.

Precautions

  • Do not touch your eyes if you have conjunctivitis to avoid spreading the infection.
  • Every day you have conjunctivitis, throw any towels, washcloths, sheets, or pillowcases that“ come into contact with your face into the washing machine to avoid spreading the infection to others.
  • Sleeping for a full eight hours every night helps replenish the eye’s moisture, relieves the pain, and speeds healing.
  • To avoid infecting others, after eating at home, wash your own dishes and utensils, or place them in the dishwasher yourself.
  • Refrain from wearing makeup or contact lenses while you have conjunctivitis to avoid infecting or reinfecting either eye.
  • If you accidentally touch your eyes, wash your hands immediately with Instant Hand Sanitizer to prevent spreading the conjunctivitis to your other eye or to another person.

 

Note umme Ahmad” I do disagree much with the baby shampoo remedy as its loaded with chemicals( http://guardianlv.com/2013/09/why-johnson-johnson-baby-shampoo-is-not-for-babies  , http://www.forbes.com/sites/amywestervelt/2011/11/01/as-report-reveals-toxic-ingredients-in-baby-shampoo-johnson-johnson-goes-public-with-plans-to-clean-up-products/)  colors and an anti tear component which works like  local anesthesia. In the Middle east we use plain rose water  several times a day and kohl/surma  in the eyes to cure and prevent strained and conjunctivitis in eyes which works very quick.

One tpo should avoid any table salt ans its deprived of any nutrients and is bleached and has many chemicals added to make it free flowing and often contains iodine. One should use Pure rock or sea salt for and saline eye wash instead.

Typhoid infection natural remedies


Typhoid infection was, and still is, a problem for people all over the world. However, we now know what causes typhoid, and we have methods of successfully treating its symptoms. Typhoid fever ravaged the ranks of soldiers during the American Civil War. Typhoid infection natural remedies can help control the symptoms of typhoid, and diarrhea.

Cause of typhoid infection

In order to understand a disease such as typhoid fever, you must first understand that diseases originate from bacteria, which are single-celled microorganisms. (The word “micro” means very small, and organisms are living creatures.) In essence, bacteria are incredibly tiny creatures that can be seen only with a microscope.

Typhoid fever is also known as enteric fever. The word “enteric” refers to the intestine. To cause disease, the bacteria must be swallowed. Once swallowed, the bacteria travel through the digestive tract and are engulfed by white blood cells called mononuclear phagocytes. The normal job of the phagocytes is to engulf and digest invading bacteria, fungal spores, and viruses. When large numbers of bacteria are ingested, many are able to bypass the phagocytes and get to the small intestine. Stomach acids usually kill ingested bacteria. However, people whose stomach acid is less effective than in healthy adults, including infants and the elderly, are at risk for contracting typhoid fever. Taking antacids, or medications that reduce stomach acidity increases the person’s chance of contracting the disease.

The typhoid bacteria enter the circulatory system before spreading to the liver, spleen, and lymph nodes. Inside the liver, spleen, and lymph nodes, the bacteria divide and eventually spread via the lymphatic system and bloodstream to most other organs of the body. Once they have invaded these other cells, the bacteria produce a wide range of symptoms.

Typhoid symptom: Fever

Typhoid fever has become the scourge of the present age, being found as characteristic symptoms of the pest and the small pox, to both of which it bears a close resemblance. It is in the air we breathe; it makes daily fresh victims and nothing can shelter us from its attacks; for can we avoid fatigues of body and mind, both of which evidently predispose the constitution to its attacks?

Most physicians maintain that typhoid fever is not contagious. This opinion is correct; and yet not absolutely so. This disease, at the height of its development, in the typhus stage, is decidedly contagious. The more it recedes from this stage the less it is contagious, and we may safely state, that typhoid fever, such as we find it in the present day, is not contagious.

As we have before mentioned, the difference of age has a great influence as regards the liability to contract this disorder. The age which it most clings to, is from fifteen to thirty years ; it is scarcely ever seen in subjects from to seventy years of age; at the age of seventy appear the adynamic fevers, but they are not typhoid, thé special intestinal lesion existing then no longer.

This lesion, which characterizes typhoid fever, and belongs solely to it, consists of a popular swelling of the glands of Peyer and the follicles of Bruner, followed by ulceration. It is the constant accompaniment of real typhoid fever

Typhoid symptom: Tongue color

Tongue only indicates the nature and extent of the typhoid infection. If the cerebral system is particularly attacked, the tongue is red, quivering; if it is the lung, the tongue is saburral; if it is the abdomen, the tongue becomes dry, black in the middle, red at the edges. These symptoms recur the oftenest and are the least deceptive.

Typhoid symptom: Nausea and vometing

Nausea and vomiting sometimes occur in the first stage, diminish as the disease progresses, and finally disappear when the adynamic stage has become well established. If they show themselves in the last stage, we may suspect the existence of a peritonitis from perforation.

The stomach is nearly always passive; patients do not complain of colics. One single symptom shows a deep lesion of the intestinal tube: it is very acute.

Typhoid infection natural remediesparsley for kidney treatment

Try these natural remedies to control or minimize the symptoms of typhoid infection.

Coriander Leaves

The leaves of coriander are stimulant and tonic. They strengthen the stomach and promote its action, relieve flatulence, increase secretion and discharge of urine and reduce fever. Coriander leaves also act as an aphrodisiac, help in the removal of catarrhal matter and phlegm from the bronchial tubes thereby counteracting any spasmodic disorders. Coriander seeds reduce fever and promote a feeling of coolness. Coriander juice is highly beneficial in deficiencies of vitamin A, Bl, B2. C and iron.

Celery

Celery likes sandy soils and needs good fertilizers. Eat it as a vegetable and collect the seeds. Celery is good against Cystitis, liver problems, and arthritis; the Seeds reduce blood pressureand cholesterol. Celery is rich in iron, vitamins A, B, and C.

Echinacea

One of the greatest natural antibiotics, it symbolizes strength and healing. Echinacea is a beautiful garden flower blooming in summer and autumn. Echinacea enhances the immune system and treats common cold and sore throat. It purifies the blood and fights typhoid fever. It contains glucose, iron, potassium, sulphur, and vitamins A, C, and E. However, do not take echinacea if you suffer from allergies.

Eggshells

Eggshells are very rich in calcium and act as an excellent antacid so they alleviate stomach cramps and heal peptic ulcer. However, do not take excessive amount as it may causeconstipation.

Blueberry

Likes cool climates with moist and acidic soil and full sun. The plant only bears Fruit after three years. Collect the berries. Blueberry is recommended for rheumatism and arthritis, It is good against diabetes and typhoid fever. It contains potassium and vitamins A and C.

However, avoid eating the leaves; due to their high level of tannin, they can cause constipation and anaemia; they may also damage the liver.

Oat and barley bran

Oat bran and barley bran contain soluble fibres, which lower cholesterol and blood sugar levels; they relieve constipation and prevent intestinal cancer. However, remember to drink plenty of water while eating bran to avoid intestinal blockage.

Calendula

Also known as marigold since Roman time, is a beautiful self-seeding plant bright orange or yellow. Calendula purifies the blood and is very good to treat problems related to menstruation and haemorrhoids. Infused in almond oil or cooked in vegetable oil, it is excellent against skin diseases. Do not forget to try the beautiful flowers in salads. Calendula contains carotenoids, which are soluble in fats.

 Carrots

All orange fruit and vegetables are antioxidants; they protect against cancer and tumour; and they boost the immune system. Carrots are excellent against colic, diarrhea, typhoid fever, gastro-enteritis, and dysentery. They contain beta-carotene.

Nux Vomica/


Botanical.com - A Modern Herbal, by Mrs. M. Grieve
Botanical.com Home Page

Strychnine Tree
Strychnine Tree
(Strychnos nux-vomixa
printed as Strychnos Nux vomica L. L.)

Click on graphic for larger image

Nux Vomica  (known as rat poison strychnine)

POISON!
Steadman Shorter’s Medical Dictionary, Poisons & Antidotes: Strychnine

Botanical: Strychnos Nux-vomica (LINN.)
Family: N.O. Loganiaceae

—Synonyms—Poison Nut. Semen strychnos. Quaker Buttons.
—Part Used—Dried ripe seeds.
—Habitat—India, in the Malay Archipelago.


—Description—A medium-sized tree with a short, crooked, thick trunk, the wood is white hard, close grained, durable and the root very bitter. Branches irregular, covered with a smooth ash-coloured bark; young shoots deep green, shiny; leaves opposite, short stalked, oval, shiny, smooth on both sides, about 4 inches long and 3 broad; flowers small, greeny-white, funnel shape, in small terminal cymes, blooming in the cold season and having a disagreeable smell. Fruit about the size of a large apple with a smooth hard rind or shell which when ripe is a lovely orange colour, filled with a soft white jelly-like pulp containing five seeds covered with a soft woolly-like substance, white and horny internally. The seeds are removed when ripe, cleansed, dried and sorted; they are exported from Cochin, Madras and other Indian ports. The seeds have the shape of flattened disks densely covered with closely appressed satiny hairs, radiating from the centre of the flattened sides and giving to the seeds a characteristic sheen; they are very hard, with a dark grey horny endosperm in which the small embryo is embedded; no odour but a very bitter taste.

—Constituents—Nux Vomica contains the alkaloids, Strychnine and Brucine, also traces of strychnicine, and a glucoside Loganin, about 3 per cent fatty matter, caffeotannic acid and a trace of copper. The pulp of the fruit contains about 5 per cent of loganin together with the alkaloid strychnicine.

[Top]

—Medicinal Action and Uses—The propertiesof Nux Vomica are substantially those of the alkaloid Strychnine. The powdered seeds are employed in atonic dyspepsia. The tincture of Nux Vomica is often used in mixtures – for its stimulant action on the gastro-intestinal tract. In the mouth it acts as a bitter, increasing appetite; it stimulates peristalsis, in chronic constipation due to atony of the bowel it is often combined with cascara and other laxatives with good effects. Strychnine, the chief alkaloid constituent of the seeds, also acts as a bitter, increasing the flow of gastric juice; it is rapidly absorbed as it reaches the intestines, after which it exerts its characteristic effects upon the central nervous system, the movements of respiration are deepened and quickened and the heart slowed through excitation of the vagal centre. The senses of smell, touch, hearing and vision are rendered more acute, it improves the pulse and raises blood pressure and is of great value as a tonic to the circulatory system in cardiac failure. Strychnine is excreted very slowly and its action is cumulative in any but small doses; it is much used as a gastric tonic in dyspepsia. The most direct symptom caused by strychnine is violent convulsions due to a simultaneous stimulation of the motor or sensory ganglia of the spinal cord; during the convulsion there is great rise in blood pressure; in some types of chronic lead poisoning it is of great value. In cases of surgical shock and cardiac failure large doses are given up to 1/10 grain by hypodermic injection; also used as an antidote in poisoning by chloral or chloroform. Brucine closely resembles strychnine in its action, but is slightly less poisonous, it paralyses the peripheral motor nerves. It is said that the convulsive action characteristic of strychnine is absent in brucine almost entirely. It is used in pruritis and as a local anodyne in inflammations of the external ear.

[Top]

—Preparations and Dosages—Strychnine should not be administered in liquid form combined with bromides, iodides or chlorides, there being a risk of formation of the insoluble hydrobromide, etc.

Nux Vomica, 1 to 4 grains. Extract of Nux Vomica, B.P., 1/4 to 1 grain. Extract of Nux Vomica, B.P. 1885, 1/4 to 1 grain. Extract of Nux Vomica, U.S.P., 1/4 grain. Liquid extract of Nux Vomica, B.P., 1 to 3 minims. Fluid extract of Nux Vomica, U.S.P., 1 minim. Tincture of Nux Vomica, B.P., 5 to 15 minims. Tincture of Nux Vomica, B.P. 1885, 10 to 20 minims. Tincture of Nux Vornica, U.S.P., 10 minims. Strychnine, B.P., 1/6 to 1/15 grain. Hypodermic injection of strychnine. Solution of Strychnine Hydrochloride, B.P., 2 to 8 minims. Acid Strychnine Mixture, B.P.C., 1/2 to 1 fluid ounce.

[Top]

—Poisoning and Antidotes—In cases of poisoning by strychnine an emetic or the stomach pump should be used at once and tannin or potassium permanganate given to render the strychnine inactive. Violent convulsions should be controlled by administration of chloroform or large doses of chloral or bromide. Urethane in large doses is considered an antidote. Amyl nitrite is also useful owing to its rapid action during the convulsion, and in absence of respiration 3 to 5 minims may be hypodermically injected.

[Top]

—Other Species—
Strychnos tieute, a clumbing shrub growing in Java, gives a juice termed Upas tieute, said to be used by the natives as an arrow poison; it produces death by violent convulsions, the heart stopping before respiration.

S. toxifera yields the deadly poison Curare (Woorari or Urari) used by the natives of British Guiana.

S. ligustrina, the wood of which contains brucine, as does the bark.

S. pseudo is found in the mountains and forests of India. It supplies the seeds known as clearing nuts. The fruit is black, the size of a cherry, containing only one seed; fruit and seeds are used medicinally in India and also to clear muddy water, the seeds being rubbed for a minute inside the vessel and the water then allowed to settle; their efficiency depending on their albumen and casein contents acting as a fining agent similar to those employed to clarify wine and beer.

S. innocua. The fruit and pulp are harmless and are eaten by the natives of Egypt and Senegal.

S. Ignatii is found in the Philippines, the seeds containing strychnine and brucine, strychnine being present in greater quantity than in Nux Vomica. A tincture made from the beans is official in the British Pharmacopoeia Codex.

Gelsemium in homeopathic medicines- highly toxic


Gelsemium

POISON!
Steadman Shorter’s Medical Dictionary, Poisons & Antidotes: Gelsemium

Botanical: Gelsemium nitidum (MICH.)
Family: N.O. Loganiaceae

—Synonyms—Yellow Jasmine. Gelsemium Sempervirens (Pers.). False Jasmine. Wild Woodbine. Carolina Jasmine.
—Part Used—Root.
—Habitat—Gelsemium is one of the most beautiful native plants of North America, occurring in rich, moist soils, by the sides of streams, along the seacoast from Virginia to the south of Florida. extending into Mexico.


The important drug Gelsemium, official in the principal Pharmacopoeias, is composed of the dried rhizome and root of Gelsemium nitidum(Michaux), a climbing plant growing in the southern States of North America and there known as Yellow Jasmine, though it is in no way related to the Jasmines, and is best distinguished as Caroline Jasmine, as it belongs to the Loganiaceae, an order that forms a connecting link between the orders Gentianaceae, Apocynaceae, Scrophulariaceae and Rubiaceae. The plant is not to be confounded with the true Yellow Jasmine (Jasminum odoratissimum), of Madeira, which is often planted in the southern States for the sake of its fragrant flowers and has also been known there under the name of Gelseminum; this has only two stamens, while Gelsemium has five.

[Top]

—Description—Its woody, twining stem often attains great height, its growth depending upon its chosen support, ascending lofty trees and forming festoons from one tree to another. It contains a milky juice and bears opposite, shining and evergreen lanceolate leaves and axillary clusters of from one to five large, funnel-shaped, very fragrant yellow flowers, which during its flowering season, in early spring, scent the atmosphere with their delicious odour. The fruit is composed of two separable, jointed pods containing numerous, flat-winged seeds.

The stem often runs underground for a considerable distance, and these portions (the rhizome) are used indiscriminately with the roots in medicine, and exported from the United States in bales.

The plant was first described in 1640 by John Parkinson, who grew it in his garden from seed sent by Tradescant from Virginia; at the present time it is but rarely seen, even in botanic gardens, in Great Britain, and specimens grown at Kew have not flowered.

—Description of the Drug—The drug in commerce mostly consists of the undergroundstem or rhizome, with occasional pieces of the root. The rhizome is easily distinguished by occurring in nearly straight pieces, about 6 to 8 inches long, and 1/4 to 3/4 inch in diameter, having a small dark pith and a purplish-brown, longitudinally fissured bark. The root is smaller, tortuous, and of a uniform yellowish-brown colour, finely wrinkled on the surface.

Both rhizome and root in transverse section exhibit a distinctly radiate appearance, the thin cortex or bark enclosing a large, pale, yellowish-white wood, which consists of narrow bundles with small pores, alternating with straight, whitish, medullary rays about six or eight cells in thickness. In the case of the rhizome, a small pith, frequently divided into four nearly equal parts, is also present, particularly in smaller and younger pieces.

The drug is hard and woody, breaking with an irregular splintery fracture, and frequently exhibits silky fibres in the bast, which are isolated, or occur in groups of two or three and form an interrupted ring, whereas in the aerial stem, they are grouped in bundles.

The drug has a bitter taste, due to the presence of alkaloids, which occur chiefly in the bark. The slight aromatic odour is probably due to the resin in the drug.

—Collection—Adulterations. The drug is commonly collected in the autumn and dried.Though consisting usually of the dried rhizomes with only the larger roots attached, sometimes smaller roots are present, and it is often adulterated with the aerial portions of the stem, which can be easily detected by the thinness and dark-purplish colour of the latter. It is stated to be destitute of alkaloid and therefore of no medicinal value.

Similar roots of Jasmine, especially those of Jasminum fruticans, are sometimes intermixed, and can be distinguished by the absence of indurated pith cells, which occur in Gelsemium, by the abundance of thin-walled starch cells in the pith and in the medullary ray cells (those of Gelsemium being thickwalled and destitute of starch), and by the bast fibres round the sieve tubes.

—Constituents—Gelsemium contains two potent alkaloids, Gelseminine and Gelsemine.

Gelseminine is a yellowish, bitter andpoisonous amorphous alkaloid, readily soluble in ether and alcohol, forming amorphous salts.

The alkaloid Gelsemine is colourless, odourless, intensely bitter and forms crystalline salts. It is only sparingly soluble inwater, but readily forms a hydrochloride, which is completely so. This alkaloid is not to be confounded with the resinoid known as ‘Gelsemin,’ an eclectic remedy, a mixture of substances obtained by evaporating an alcoholic extract of Gelsemium to dryness.

The rhizome also contains Gelsemic acid a crystalline substance which exhibits an intense bluish-green fluorescence in alkaline solution; it is probably identical with methylaesculatin or chrysatropic acid found in Belladonna root.

There are also present in the root 6 per cent of a volatile oil, 4 per cent of resin and starch.

[Top]

—Poisoning by Gelsemium—The drug is a powerful spinal depressant; its most marked action being on the anterior cornus of grey matter in the spinal cord.

The drug kills by its action on the respiratory centre of the medulla oblongata. Shortly after the administration of even a moderate dose, the respiration is slowed and is ultimately arrested, this being the cause of death.

Poisonous doses of Gelsemium produce a sensation of languor, relaxation and muscular weakness, which may be followed by paralysis if the dose is sufficiently large. The face becomes anxious, the temperature subnormal, the skin cold and clammy and the pulse rapid and feeble. Dropping of the upper eyelid and lower jaw, internal squint, double vision and dilatation of the pupil are prominent symptoms. The respiration becomes slow and feeble, shallow and irregular, and death occurs from centric respiratory failure, the heart stopping almost simultaneously. Consciousness is usually preserved until late in the poisoning, but may be lost soon after the ingestion of a fatal dose. The effects usually begin in half an hour, but sometimes almost immediately. Death has occurred at periods varying from 1 to 7 1/2 hours.

The treatment of Gelsemium poisoning consists in the prompt evacuation of the stomach by an emetic, if the patient’s condition permits; and secondly, and equally important, artificial respiration, aided by the early administration, subcutaneously, of ammonia, strychnine, atropine or digitalis.

An allied species, G. elegans (Benth.) of Upper Burma, is used in China as a criminal poison, its effects are very rapid.

—Medicinal Action and Uses—Antispasmodic, sedative, febrifuge, diaphoretic.

The medical history of the plant is quite modern. It is stated to have been brought into notice by a Mississippi planter, for whom, in his illness, the root was gathered in mistake for that of another plant. After partaking of an infusion, serious symptoms arose, but when, contrary to expectations, he recovered, it was clear that the attack of bilious fever from which he had been suffering had disappeared. This accidental error led to the preparation from the plant of a proprietary nostrum called the ‘Electric Febrifuge.’ Later, in 1849, Dr. Porcher, of South Carolina, brought Gelsemium to the notice of the American Medical Association. Dr. Henry, in 1852, and after him many others, made provings of it the chief being that of Dr. E. M. Hale, whose Monograph on Gelsemium was an efficient help to the true knowledge of the new American drug.

In America, it was formerly extensively used as an arterial sedative and febrifuge in various fevers, more especially those of an intermittent character, but now it is considered probably of little use for this purpose, for it has no action on the skin and no marked action on the alimentary or circulatory system.

It has been recommended and found useful in the treatment of spasmodic disorders, such as asthma and whooping cough, spasmodic croup and other conditions depending upon localized muscular spasm. In convulsions, its effects have been very satisfactory.

It is, at present, mainly used in the treatment of neuralgic pains, especially those involving the facial nerves, particularly when arising from decaying teeth.

It is said it will suspend and hold in check muscular irritability and nervous excitement with more force and power than any known remedy. While it relaxes all the muscles, it relieves, by its action on the general system, all sense of pain.

The drug is also said to be most useful in the headache and sleeplessness of the drunkard and in sick headache.

It has been used in dysmenorrhoea, hysteria, chorea and epilepsy, and the tincture has been found efficacious in cases of retention of urine.

Some recommend its use in acute rheumatism and pleurisy, in pneumonia and in bronchitis, and it has been advocated, though not accepted by all authorities, as of avail in the early stages of typhoid fever.

Aconite- A fatal poisonous plant used in homeopathy


Botanical.com - A Modern Herbal, by Mrs. M. Grieve
Botanical.com Home Page

Aconite
Aconite
(Aconitum napellus LINN.)

Click on graphic for larger image

Aconite

POISON!
Steadman Shorter’s Medical Dictionary, Poisons & Antidotes: Aconite

Botanical: Aconitum napellus (LINN.)
Family: N.O. Ranunculaciae

—Synonyms—Monkshood. Blue Rocket. Friar’s Cap. Auld Wife’s Huid.
—Part Used—The whole plant.
—Habitat—Lower mountain slopes of Northportion of Eastern Hemisphere. From Himalayas through Europe to Great Britain.Aconite is now found wild in a few parts of England, mainly in the western counties and also in South Wales, but can hardly be considered truly indigenous. It was very early introduced into England, being mentioned in all the English vocabularies of plants from the tenth century downwards, and in Early English medical recipes.


—Description—The plant is a hardy perennial, with a fleshy, spindle-shaped root,palecoloured when young, butsubsequently acquiring a dark brown skin. The stem is about 3 feet high, with dark green, glossy leaves, deeply divided inpalmatemanner and flowers in erect clusters of a dark blue colour. The shape of the flower is specially designed to attract andutilizebee visitors, especially thehumble bee. The sepals are purple – purple being specially attractive to bees – and are fancifully shaped, one of them being in the form of a hood. The petals are only represented by the two very curious nectaries within the hood, somewhat in the form of a hammer; the stamens arenumerous and lie depressed in a bunch at the mouth of the flower. They are pendulous at first, but rise in succession and place their anthersforward in such a way that a bee visiting the flower for nectaris dusted with the pollen, which he then carries to the next flower he visits and thereby fertilizes the undeveloped fruits, which are in a tuft in the centre of the stamens, each carpel containing a single seed.In the Anglo-Saxon vocabularies it is called thung, which seems to have been a general name for any very poisonous plant. It was then called Aconite (the English form of its Greek and Latin name), later Wolf’s Bane, the direct translation of the Greek Iycotonum, derived from the idea that arrows tipped with the juice, or baits anointed with it, would kill wolves – the species mentioned by Dioscorides seems to have been Aconitum lycotonum. In the Middle Ages it became Monkshood and Helmet-flower, from the curious shape of the upper sepal overtopping the rest of the flower. This was the ordinary name in Shakespeare’s days.

The generic name is said to have been derived from <akontion< i=””>, a dart, because it was used by barbarous races to poison their arrows, or from akone, cliffy or rocky, because the species grow in rocky glens. Theophrastus, like Pliny, derived the name from Aconae, the supposed place of its origin. The specific name, Napellus, signifies a little turnip, in allusion to the shape of the roots.

—Cultivation—The chief collecting centres for foreign Aconite root have been the Swiss Alps, Salzburg, North Tyrol and Vorarlberg. Much was also formerly collected in Germany. Supplies from Spain and Japan are imported, so that the demand for English Aconite is somewhat restricted. The official Aconite is directed by the British Pharmacopceia to be derived only from plants cultivated in England, and a certain amount of home-grown Aconite has been regularly produced by the principal drug-farms, though good crops are grown with some difficulty in England, and cultivation of Aconite has not paid very well in recent years.

Aconite prefers a soil slightly retentive of moisture, such as a moist loam, and flourishes best in shade. It would probably grow luxuriantly in a moist, open wood, and would yield returns with little further trouble than weeding, digging up and drying.

In preparing beds for growing Aconite, the soil should be well dug and pulverized by early winter frosts – the digging in of rotten leaves or stable manure is advantageous.

It can be raised from seed, sown 1/2 inch deep in a cold frame in March, or in a warm position outside in April, but great care must be exercised that the right kind is obtained, as there are many varieties of Aconite- about twenty-four have been distinguished – and they have not all the same active medicinal properties. It takes two or three years to flower from seed.

Propagation is usually by division of roots in the autumn. The underground portion of the plants are dug up after the stem has died down, and the smaller of the ‘daughter’ roots that have developed at the side of the old roots are selected for replanting in December or January to form new stock, the young roots being planted about a foot apart each way. The young shoots appear above ground in February. Although the plants are perennial, each distinct root lasts only one year, the plant being continued by ‘daughter’ roots.

This official Aconite is also the species generally cultivated in gardens, though nearly all the species are worth growing as ornamental garden flowers, the best perhaps being A. Napellus, both white and blue, A. paniculatum, A. Japonicum and A. autumnale. All grow well in shade and under trees. Gerard grew four species in his garden: A. lyocotonum, A. variegatum, A. Napellus and A. Pyrenaicum.

—Part Used—Collection and Drying. The leaves, stem, flowering tops and root: the leaves and tops fresh, the root dried. The leaves and flowering tops are of less importance, they are employed for preparing Extract of Aconitum, and for this purpose are cut when the flowers are just breaking into blossom and the leaves are in their best condition, which is in June.

The roots should be collected in the autumn, after the stem dies down, but before the bud that is to produce the next year’s stem has begun to develop. As this bud grows and forms a flowering stem, in the spring, some of the lateral buds develop into short shoots, each of which produces a long, slender, descending root, crowned with a bud. These roots rapidly thicken, filled with reserve material produced by the parent plant, the root of which dies as the ‘daughter’ roots increase in size. Towards the autumn, the parent plant dies down and the daughter roots which have then reached their maximum development are now full of starch. If allowed to remain in the soil, the buds that crown the daughter roots begin to grow, in the late winter, and this growth exhausts the strength of the root, and the proportion of both starch and alkaloid it contains is lessened.

On account of the extremely poisonous properties of the root, it is considered desirable that the root should be grown and collected under the same conditions, so that uniformity in the drug is maintained. The British Pharmacopceia specifies, therefore, that the roots should be collected in the autumn from plants cultivated in Britain and should consist of the dried, full-grown ‘daughter’ roots: much of the Aconite root that used to come in large quantities from Germany was the exhausted parent root of the wild-flowering plants.

When the roots are dug up, they are sorted over, the smallest laid aside for replanting and the plumper ones reserved for drying. They are first well washed in cold water and trimmed of all rootlets, and then dried, either entire, or longitudinally sliced to hasten drying.

Drying may at first be done in the open air, spread thinly, the roots not touching. Or they may be spread on clean floors or on shelves in a warm place for about ten days, turning frequently. When somewhat shrunken, they must be finished more quickly by artificial heat in a drying room or shed near a stove or gas fire, care being taken that the heated air can escape at the top of the room. Drying in an even temperature will probably take about a fortnight or more. It is not complete till the roots are dry to the core and brittle, snapping when bent.

Dried Aconite root at its upper extremity, when crowned with an undeveloped bud, enclosed by scaly leaves, is about 3/4 inch in diameter, tapering quickly downwards. It is dark brown in colour and marked with the scars of rootlets. The surface is usually longitudinally wrinkled, especially if it has been dried entire. The root breaks with a short fracture and should be whitish and starchy within. A transverse section shows a thick bark, separated from the inner portion by a well-marked darker line, which often assumes a stellate appearance. Aconite root as found in commerce is, however, often yellowish or brownish internally with the stellate markings not clearly shown, probably from having been collected too early. It should be lifted in the autumn of the second year.

Aconite root is liable to attack by insects, and after being well dried should be kept in securely closed vessels.

—Chemical Constituents—Aconite root contains from 0.3 to 1 per cent alkaloidal matter, consisting of Aconitine – crystalline, acrid and highly toxic – with the alkaloids Benzaconine (Picraconitine) and Aconine.

Aconitine, the only crystallizable alkaloid, is present to the extent of not more than 0.2 per cent, but to it is due the characteristic activity of the root. Aconite acid, starch, etc., are also present. On incineration, the root yields about 3 per cent ash.

The Aconitines are a group of highly toxic alkaloids derived from various species of Aconite, and whilst possessing many properties in common are chemically distinguishable according to the source from which they are obtained. The Aconitines are divided into two groups: (1) the Aconitines proper, including Aconitine, Japaconitine and Indaconitine, and (2) the Pseudaconitines – Pseudaconitine and Bikhaconitine.

This disparity between Aconites is a very important matter for investigation, though perhaps not so serious from a pharmaceutical point of view as might at first appear, since in the roots of several different species the alkaloid is found to possess similar physiological action; but this action varies in degree and the amount of alkaloid may be found to vary considerably. It is considered that the only reliable method of standardizing the potency of any of the Aconite preparations is by a physiological method: the lethal dose for the guinea-pig being considered to be the most convenient and satisfactory standard. Tinctures vary enormously as to strength, some proving seven times as powerful as others.

The Aconite which contains the best alkaloid, A. Napellus, is the old-fashioned, familiar garden variety, which may be easily recognized by its very much cut-up leaves, which are wide in the shoulder of the leaf – that part nearest the stem – and also by the purplish-blue flowers, which have the ‘helmet’ closely fitting over the rest of the flower, not standing up as a tall hood. All varieties of Aconite are useful, but this kind with the close set in helmet to the flower is the most valuable.

The Aconite derived from German root of A. Napellus appears to possess somewhat different properties to that prepared from English roots. The German roots may be recognized by the remains of the stem which crown the root. They are also generally less starchy, darker externally and more shrivelled than the English root and considered to be less active, probably because they are generally the exhausted parent roots.

—Medicinal Action and Uses—Anodyne, diuretic and diaphoretic. The value of Aconite as a medicine has been more fully realized in modern times, and it now rank as one of our most useful drugs. It is much used in homoeopathy. On account of its very poisonous nature, all medicines obtained from it come, however, under Table 1 of the poison schedule: Aconite is a deadly poison.

Both tincture and liniment of Aconite are in general use, and Aconite is also used in ointment and sometimes given as hypodermic injection. Preparations of Aconitc are employed for outward application locally to the skin to diminish the pain of neuralgia, lumbago and rheumatism.

The official tincture taken internelly diminishes the rate and force of the pulse in the early stages of fevers and slight local inflammations, such as feverish cold, larnyngitis, first stages of pneumonia and erysipelas; it relieves the pain of neuralgia, pleurisy and aneurism. In cardiac failure or to prevent same it has been used with success, in acute tonsilitis children have been well treated by a dose of 1 to 2 minims for a child 5 to 10 years old; the dose for adults is 2 to 5 minims, three times a day.
—Note—The tincture of Aconite of the British Pharmacopoeia 1914 is nearly double the strength of that in the old Pharmacopoeia of 1898.

Externally the linament as such or mixed with chloroform or belladonna liniment is useful in neuralgia or rheumatism.

—Poisoning from, and Antidotes—The symptons of poisoning are tingling and numbness of tongue and mouth and a sensation of ants crawling over the body, nausea and vomiting with epigastric pain, laboured breathing, pulse irregular and weak, skin cold and clammy, features bloodless, giddiness, staggering, mind remains clear. A stomach tube or emetic should be used at once, 20 minims of Tincture of Digitalis given if available, stimulants should be given and if not retained diluted brandy injected per rectum, artificial respiration and friction, patient to be kept lying down.

All the species contain an active poison Aconitine, one of the most formidable poisons which have yet been discovered: it exists in all parts of the plant, but especially in the root. The smallest portion of either root or leaves, when first put into the mouth, occasions burning and tingling, and a sense of numbness immediately follows its continuance. One-fiftieth grain of Aconitine will kill a sparrow in a few seconds; one-tenth grain a rabbit in five minutes. It is more powerful than prussic acid and acts with tremendous rapidity. One hundredth grain will act locally, so as to produce a well-marked sensation in any part of the body for a whole day. So acrid is the poison, that the juice applied to a wounded finger affects the whole system, not only causing pains in the limbs, but a sense of suffocation and syncope.

Some species of Aconite were well known to the ancients as deadly poisons. It was said to be the invention of Hecate from the foam of Cerberus, and it was a species of Aconite that entered into the poison which the old men of the island of Ceos were condemned to drink when they became infirm and no longer of use to the State. Aconite is also supposed to have been the poison that formed the cup which Medea prepared for Theseus. (Note—Aconite and Belladonna were said to be the ingredients in the witches’ ‘Flying ointments.’ Aconite causes irregular action of the heart, and Belladonna produces delirium. These combined symptoms might give a sensation of ‘flying.’—EDITOR)

Various species of Aconite possess the same narcotic properties as A. Napellus, but none of them equal in energy the A. ferox of the East Indies, the root of which is used there as an energetic poison under the name of Bikh or Nabee. Aconite poisoning of wells by A. ferox has been carried out by native Indians to stop the progress of an army. They also use it for poisoning spears, darts and arrows, and for destroying tigers.

All children should be warned against Aconite in gardens. It is wiser not to grow Aconite among kitchen herbs of any sort. The root has occasionally been mistaken for horse-radish, with fatal results – it is, however, shorter, darker and more fibrous – and the leaves have produced similar fatal results. In Ireland a poor woman once sprinkled powdered Aconite root over a dish of greens, and one man was killed and another seriously affected by it.

In 1524 and 1526 it is recorded that two criminals, to whom the root was given as an experiment, quickly died.

The older herbalists described it as venomous and deadly. Gerard says: ‘There hath beene little heretofore set down concerning the virtues of the Aconite, but much might be saide of the hurts that have come thereby.’ It was supposed to be an antidote against other poisons. Gerard tells us that its power was ‘So forcible that the herb only thrown before the scorpion or any other venomous beast, causeth them to be without force or strength to hurt, insomuch that they cannot moove or stirre untill the herbe be taken away.’ Ben Jonson, in his tragedy Sejanus, says:
‘I have heard that Aconite
Being timely taken hath a healing might
Against the scorpion’s stroke.’

Linnaeus reports Aconite to be fatal to cattle and goats when they eat it fresh, but when dried it does no harm to horses, a peculiarity in common with the buttercups, to which theAconitesare related. Field-mice are well aware of its evil nature, and in hard times, when they will attack almost any plant that offers them food, they leave this severely alone.—Other Varieties—Japanese Aconite – syn. Aconitum Chinense – is regularly imported in considerable quantities. It used formerly to be ascribed toA. Fischer (Reichb.), but is now considered to be derived from A. uncinatum, var. Faponicum (Regel.) and possibly also from A. volubile (Pallas). It has conical or top-shaped, gradually tapering tuberous roots, 1 to 2 inches long, 1/3 to 1 inch in thickness at the top, externally covered with a brown, closely adhering skin internally white. Dried roots do not contain much alkaloid, if steeped when fresh in a mixture of common salt, vinegar and water. The poisonous alkaloid present is called Japaconitine, to distinguish it from the official Aconitine and the Pseudaconitine of A. laciniatum. Japaconitine is similar in constituents and properties with the Aconitine of A. Napellus.

Indian Aconite root or Nepal Aconite consists of the root of A. laciniatum (Staph.). It is also called Bikh or Bish, and is collected in Nepal. It is much larger than the English variety, being a conical, not suddenly tapering root, 2 to 4 inches long and an inch or more at the top, of a lighter brown than the official variety, the rootlet scars much fewer than the official root. Internally it is hard and almost resinous, the taste intensely acrid and is much shriveiled longitudinally. This root yields a very active alkaloid, Pseudoaconitine, which is allied to Aconitine and resembles it in many of its properties; it is about twice as active as Aconitine. Indian Aconite root was formerly attributed to A. ferox (Wall). Their large size and less tapering character sufficiently distinguish these from the official drug.

Other varieties of Aconite are A. chasmanthum (Staph.), known in India as Mohri, which contains Indaconitine, and A. spicatum, another Indian species containing Bikhaconitine, resembling Pseudaconitine.

Russian Aconite, A. orientale, grows abundantly in the Crimea and Bessarabia. It has a small, compact, greyish-black root with a transverse section similar to that of A. Napellus. Its taste is hot and acrid. When treated by a process which gave 0.0526 per cent of crystalline Aconitine from a sample of powdered root of A. Napellus, the dried root of A. orientale yielded 2.207 per cent of total alkaloids, which were, however, amorphous. The total alkaloid has not yet been investigated further.

A. heterophyllum (Wall), Atis root, is a plant growing in the Western temperate Himalayas. This species does not contain Aconitine and is said to be non-poisonous. Its chief constituent is an intensely bitter alkaloid – Atisine – possessing tonic and antiperiodic principles. A. palmatum, of Indian origin, yields a similar alkaloid, Palmatisine.

The province of Szechwen in West China grows large quantities of medicinal plants, among them A. Wilsoni, which is worth about 4s. per cwt., of which 55,000 lb. a year can be produced in this province; A. Fischeri, about four times the price, of which rather less are yearly available, and A. Hemsleyan, about the same price as the latter, of which about 27,000 lb. are available in an average year.

—Other Species—The Anthora, or Wholesome Aconite described by Culpepper, is a small plant about a foot high, with pale, divided green leaves, and yellow flowers – a native of the Alps. Its stem is erect, firm, angular and hairy; the leaves alternate and much cut into. The flowers are large, hooded with fragrant scent, growing on top of the branches in spikes of a pale yellow colour, smaller than the ordinary Monkshood and succeeded by five horn-like, pointed pods, or achenes, containing five angular seeds. It flowers in July and the seeds ripen at the end of August. The root is tuberous.

Culpepper tells us that the herb was used in his time, but not often. It was reputed to be very serviceable against vegetable poisons and ‘a decoction of the root is a good lotion to wash the parts bitten by venomous creatures.’ . . . ‘The leaves, if rubbed on the skin will irritate and cause soreness and the pollen is also dangerous if blown in the eyes .’

As a matter of fact, this species of Aconite by no means deserves its reputation of harmlessness, for it is only poisonous in a less degree than the rest of the same genus, and the theory that it is a remedy against poison, particularly that of the other Aconites, is now an exploded one.

Parkinson, speaking of the Yellow Monkshood, calls it:
‘The “counter-poison monkeshood” – the roots of which are effectual, not only against the poison of the poisonful Helmet Flower and all others of that kind, but also against the poison of all venomous beasts, the plague or pestilence and other infectious diseases, which raise spots, pockes, or markes in the outward skin, by expelling the poison from within and defending the heart as a most sovereign cordial.’

The so-called Winter Aconite, Aeranthis hyemalis, is not a true Aconite, though closely allied, being also a member of the Buttercup family, whose blossoms it more nearly resembles.

Poison in homeopathic eye medicine–Physostigma venenosum


Be careful in using homeopathic medicines .. Traditional eye tonics/treatments of homeopathy contain often highly toxic substances from tarantula spiders  to this:

 

POISON!

 

it is in Homeopathic treatments for eye problems -Vision eye plus tonic from brooks>>> beware of the toxic ingredients

http://www.quazoo.com/q/Calabar_bean?feedid=-1&feedDNS=&URL=http%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FPhysostigma_venenosum&name=Physostigma%20venenosum%20-%20Wikipedia%2C%20the%20free%20encyclopedia&ItemSource

http://www.quazoo.com/q/Calabar_bean?feedid=-1&feedDNS=&URL=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmd.com%2Fvitamins-supplements%2Fingredientmono-50-calabar%2520bean.aspx%3Factiveingredientid%3D50%26activeingredientname%3Dcalabar%2520bean&name=calabar%20bean%3A%20Uses%2C%20Side%20Effects%2C%20Interactions%20and%20Warnings%20-%20WebMD&ItemSource

 

http://www.quazoo.com/q/Calabar_bean?feedid=-1&feedDNS=&URL=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmd.com%2Fvitamins-supplements%2Fingredientmono-50-calabar%2520bean.aspx%3Factiveingredientid%3D50%26activeingredientname%3Dcalabar%2520bean&name=calabar%20bean%3A%20Uses%2C%20Side%20Effects%2C%20Interactions%20and%20Warnings%20-%20WebMD&ItemSource

https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/c/calbea05.html#con

Botanical: Physostigma venenosum (EALF.)
Family: N.O. Leguminosae

—Synonyms—Ordeal Bean. Chop Nut.
—Part Used—The seeds.
—Habitat—West Africa, Old Calabar. Has been introduced into India and Brazil.


—Description—The plant came into notice in 1846 and was planted in the Edinburgh Botanical Gardens, where it grew into a strong perennial creeper. It is a great twining climber, pinnately trifoliate leaves, pendulous racemes of purplish bean-like flowers; seeds are two or three together in dark brown pods about 6 inches long and kidney-shaped thick, about 1 inch long, rounded ends, roughish but a little polished, and have a long scar on the edge where adherent to the placenta. The seeds ripen at all seasons, but are best and most abundant during the rainy season in Africa, June till September. The natives of Africa employ the bean as an ordeal owing to its very poisonous qualities. They call it esere, and it is given to an accused person to eat. If the prisoner vomits within half an hour he is accounted innocent, but if he succumbs he is found guilty. A draught of the pounded seeds infused in water is said to have been fatal to a man within an hour.

—Constituents—The chief constituent is the alkaloid physostigmine (eserine), with which are calabarines, eseridine, and eseramine. Eseridine is not employed medicinally.

—Medicinal Action and Uses—Chiefly used for diseases of the eye; it causes rapid contraction of the pupil and disturbed vision.Also used as a stimulant to the unstriped muscles of the intestines in chronic constipation. Its action on the circulation is to slow the pulse and raise blood-pressure; it depresses the central nervous system, causingmuscular weakness; it has been employed internally for its depressant action in epilepsy, cholera, etc., and given hypodermically in acute tetanus. Physostigmine Salicylas is preferred for the preparation of eyedrops.

—Preparation of Doses—Extract of Calabar Bean, B.P.: dose, 1/4 to 1 grain. Extract of Physostigma, U.S.P.: dose, 1/8 grain. Tincture of Calabar Bean, B.P.C.: dose, 5 to 15 minims. Tincture of Physostigma, U.S.P.: dose, 15 minims. Physostigmine Eyedrops, B.P.C. Physostigmine eye ointment, B.P.C. Fluid extract, 1 to 3 drops.

—Poisons and Antidotes—In case of poisoning by the beans the stomach should be evacuated and atropine injected until the pulse quickens. With poisoning by physostigmine the stomach should be washed out with 0.2 per cent of potassium permanganate and atropine and strychnine administered hypodermically.

The Health Benefits of Bilberry


http://www.naturalalternativeremedy.com/bilberry-benefits-and-side-effects/

For hundreds of years bilberry has been consumed in cakes, jams and pies. It’s a family member of the blueberry and is native to the United States. You must always consult your physician before you start taking bilberry for a nutritional supplement. Supplements aren’t controlled by the FDA, so that they must be utilized with caution. There are several bilberry benefits and side effects that I wish to make you aware of below.

The Health Benefits of Bilberry

Reduces Chronic Venous Insufficiency
The content of bilberry seems to reduce symptoms of this condition, and has been seen to fortify blood vessels.

Blood Clot Prevention
Anthocyanosides might stop the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), the so called awful cholesterol, which really is a main risk factor for plaque buildup in blood vessels (atherosclerosis) that could bring about heart attack or stroke.

Helps With Diabetes
Bilberry leaves have a conventional use for regulating blood sugar in individuals with diabetes. Bilberry also might be helpful in the healing treatment of retinopathy, which is damage that can happen to the retina because of continual high blood glucose levels or hypertension.

Gastrointestinal Advantages
As noted by the UMMC, traditional European medicine has utilized bilberry for a treatment with diarrhoea. Bilberry fresh fruit includes tannins that reduce inflammation, and astringent properties that tighten and constrict tissues.

Helps Against Urinary Tract Infections
Bilberry extract may be utilized to help treat UTIs, too, due to the fact that it’s a close cousin to the cranberry (which also helps with UTIs).

Improves Blood Flow
Bilberry extract includes a compound called anthocyanidin, which is really a strong antioxidant. Anthocyanidin enhances the flexibility of blood vessels and helps you to build strong capillaries. Diabetics and also the elderly who endure with slow blood flow to the extremities may possibly gain by the addition of bilberry extract to their own diet. Since it enhances circulation, it’s successful in treating varicose veins, redness of the ankles and leg muscles, and muscle heaviness and spasms.

 

Boosts Eyesight
Rhodopsin production is also increased by anthocyanidin. Rhodopsin happens to be a pigment which helps the eyes adapt to light changes and improves night vision. Bilberry extract may additionally assist in preventing particular eye issues, for example cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration.

Bilberry Side Effects

Toxicity
Bilberry extract does not have any known negative effects, based on the University of Michigan Health System, when consumed in safe quantities. Nevertheless, taking an excessive amount of the extract for a very long interval of time could be hazardous, warns the University of Maryland Clinic. The tannins in bilberry might bring about weight reduction, muscle spasms, and also maybe even loss of life.

Anti-coagulant Effect
Theoretically, the anthocyanosides in supplements from bilberry may change how fast blood clots. The UMMC states that you ought to discuss things with your physician before using bilberry supplements together with blood thinning drugs like warfarin or aspirin. It might also raise your own risk of bleeding in the event that you have hemophilia or perhaps a similar clotting disorder, warns the Memorial SloanKettering Cancer Center.

 

Lowered Blood Sugar Levels
Extract from the bilberry plant can reduce blood glucose levels, based on MedlinePlus. People vulnerable to hypoglycemia ought to be careful about making use of bilberry extract. Also, diabetic patients that are taking drugs, for example metformin or insulin, to manage blood sugar, or that are taking herbs for this particular purpose, must track their blood sugar levels a lot more closely when working with bilberry extract.

Please speak to your physician before you employ bilberry to deal with your quality of life concerns.

Natural remedies—RUE HERB ( RUTA GRAVEOLENS)


RUE, RUTA GRAVEOLENS

 

http://herbs-treatandtaste.blogspot.com/2010/12/rue-herb-ruta-graveolens-health.html

 

Rue is a herb that was known to the ancients and used to ward off spells and witches. Perhaps this was because of its strong smell which isn’t exactly pleasant. It originated in Southern Europe, and is believed to have been yet another of those herbs that was introduced to Britain by the Romans. It grows wild in Britain in northern England, but this plant was not much used in medicine as its smell is even more pungent than Garden Rue, which has been grown in gardens for centuries for its medicinal properties. Its Latin name “graveolens” comes from gravis meaning heavy and olere meaning smell. Ruta comes from the Greek, reuo meaning to set free, and this may be a reference to the fact that rue was highly esteemed and thought to rid the body of a great number of ailments.

Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, used rue as the principle ingredient of an antidote to the poison of Mithradates Eupator and it was thought by ancient Greeks to be able to ward off witchcraft as they used it when eating with strangers as it stopped nervous stomach complaint and indigestion, which, they believed were induced by the witchcraft of strangers they ate in front of.

Pliny wrote that artists and sculptors consumed a lot of rue in the belief that it would help keep their eyesight in perfect shape.

Gerard the English herbalist tells us that Dioscorides believed that rue grew best under the shade of the fig tree. In fact rue likes to grow in sheltered spots. He went on to say this about the plant: – “if a man be anointed with the juice o rue, the poison of wolf’s bane, mushrooms and todestoles, the bites of serpents, stinging of scorpions, bees, hornets and wasps will not hurt him”.

Rue water was sprinkled in houses to rid them of fleas and lice, and in the Middle Ages people would carry a bunch of rue when they went out to ward off the plague and other diseases. Judges would take it into court rooms with them so that they were not contaminated by the prisoners brought to the dock. People thought that the strong smell of the plant could kill diseases that were contagious.

Rue is also known as the Herb of Repentance possibly because brushes of rue twigs were used to sprinkle holy water in churches before High Mass. It was also called Herb of Grace.

Shakespeare makes reference to this in Richard III: -

“Here in this place

I’ll set a bank of rue, sour herb of grace;

Rue, even for ruth, shall shortly here be seen,

In the remembrance of a weeping queen.”

Again in Hamlet, he has Ophelia say in Act 4 sc 5:-

“There’s fennel for you and columbine; there’s rue

for you, and here’s some for me; we may call it

herb-grace o’Sundays. O you must wear your rue with

a difference. There’s a daisy: I would give you

some violets, but they withered all when my father

died; they say he made a good death.”

Here Shakespeare gives rue the meaning of regret as well as the name of the herb.

Dikes of Saxony used rue as a symbol of honour and the Order of the Rutenkrone (Crown of Rue) was bestowed on Queen Elizabeth II’s father. In Britain rue has been used since the middle of the 17th century in the Collar of the Order of the Thistle in Britain.

The expressed juice of rue was once used to cure earache, but rue must be treated with caution and it is not advisable to use it without a doctor’s supervision as it can have violent side-effects and induce vomiting. It has been used to bring about abortions and acts on the uterine muscles. It is a useful anti-spasmodic though when you get stomach cramps and it has been used as an emmenogogue to regulate the menstrual blood flow. Pregnant and breast-feeding women should avoid using it.

A tisane can be made from the young tops of the rue plant- 1 ounce of tops to 1 pint of boiling water, left to steep for 15 minutes. This is a good antispasmodic and can be used to calm anyone who is hysterical. Rue has sedative properties. Culpeper recommended it to be applied externally to relieve joint pains, especially those connected with sciatica. The bruised leaves should be applied to the painful area. You can make a hot poultice with the leaves and apply it to the chest to relieve chronic bronchitis too. The plant contains rutin which supports and strengthens the inner walls of blood vessels and helps reduce blood pressure. Fresh leaves can be bruised and applied to the forehead and temples to get rid of headaches and the juice will prevent nightmares and help with nervous conditions. Chewing a leaf has the same effects as chewing kalvanji or Nigella sativa seeds; this will relieve nervous headaches and prevent giddiness.

The whole herb can be used in poultices but the most potent part of the plant is the top, picked before it flowers.

The recipe below has been adapted from a recipe used by the Romans.

 

 

 

Note, umme Ahmad: Ruta is also a highly toxic plant and thus should be taken with care. Pregnant women, children should avoid using it.

 

side effects of ruta:

Side Effects Of Rue Ruta

http://health.in4mnation.com/rue-benefits/

Though highly toxic, rue is considered safe when the right amounts are consumed. However, it is associated with side effects such as mood changes, rash, increased sensitivity to sun, stomach irritation, dizziness, sleep problems, spasms, liver and kidney damage. Although added in foods and used as medicine, individuals with the following conditions should avoid rue.

Pregnant, breastfeeding women and children: Rue contains emmenagogue effects, which can be used by women to trigger late menstrual. It also contains abortifacient effects, which can cause miscarriage if used by pregnant women. Even though rue can be used to induce abortion, it can cause death to the woman. Rue should not be used by children in any way or form.

Kidney and liver problems: Individuals suffering from urinary tract problems, kidney or liver problems should not use rue as food or medicine. Rue can irritate these body parts making your problems worse.

Stomach and intestinal problems: If you are suffering from any kind of stomach or intestinal disorder such as inflammatory bowel disease or colitis, or ulcers, do not consume rue ruta.

Natural and proven Cancer remedies


Assalamu alykum.

 

In a quest to cure my uterine tumors and some skin problems, like beginning skin cancer , I slipped upon a this site which shows step by step how and with what to sure your cancer quickly and naturally.

I definitely do not want to end up like the females of my family and all those patients i took care over the past years. Butcherd up, plundered of any female traits, so sick that I will be wheel chair bound!!!

 

That would be sure a breakthrough. I wished my cancer stricken  mother would at least have a try.

http://www.cancertutor.com/faq_inexpensive/

http://www.earthclinic.com/cures/cancer3.html

 

India Holds Bill Gates Accountable For His Vaccine Crimes. and he does the same in Pakistan


As Bill Gates faces a lawsuit for the illegal testing of tribal children in India, it appears that his crimes against humanity have finally caught up with him.

A recent report published by Health Impact News has reported that the Gates Foundation has found itself facing a pending lawsuit, due to an investigation that is being carried out by the Supreme Courts of India.

Health Impact News stated:

“While fraud and corruption are revealed on almost a daily basis now in the vaccine industry, the U.S. mainstream media continues to largely ignore such stories. Outside the U.S., however, the vaccine empires are beginning to crumble, and English versions of the news in mainstream media outlets are available via the Internet.

One such country is India, where the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and their vaccine empire are under fire, including a pending lawsuit currently being investigated by the India Supreme Court.” [1]

The Health Impact News article centered largely on a four-page report that was recently published by Economic Times India.

Eager to know more, I investigated their story and discovered that the World Health Organization, the Gates Foundation and two organizations funded by them, PATH (Program for Appropriate Technology in Health) and GAVI (Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization), have found themselves under fire, after a writ of petition originally submitted to the Supreme Court of India, by Kalpana Mehta, Nalini Bhanot and Dr. Rukmini Rao in 2012, was finally heard by the courts.

The petitioners submitting the petition stated:

“BMGF, PATH and WHO were criminally negligent trialling the vaccines on a vulnerable, uneducated and under-informed population school administrators, students and their parents who were not provided informed consent or advised of potential adverse effects or required to be monitored post-vaccination.” [2]

 

Young Tribal Girls Tested With HPV Vaccines

The Economic Times India published their report August 2014. They stated that in 2009, tests had been carried out on 16,000 tribal school children in Andhra Pradesh, India, using the human papiloma virus (HPV) vaccine, Gardasil.

According to the report written by KP Narayana Kumar, within a month of receiving the vaccine, many of the children fell ill and by 2010, five of them had died. A further two children were reported to have died in Vadodara, Gujarat, where an estimated 14,000 tribal children were vaccinated with another brand of the HPV vaccine, Cervarix, manufactured by GlaxoSmitheKline (GSK).

Shockingly, the report stated that many of the consent forms used to vaccinate the girls were signed “illegally,” either by the wardens from the hostels where many of the girls resided, or using thumbprints from illiterate parents.

This travesty was not discovered until a team of health activists from the non-government organization SAMA, an organization specializing in women’s health, decided to investigate what had been going on.

According to the report, they were shocked to discover that a total of 120 girls had been taken ill, suffering from a variety of symptoms, including “epileptic seizures, severe stomach aches, headaches and mood swings.”

The Economic Times stated:

“The Sama report also said there had been cases of early onset of menstruation following the vaccination, heavy bleeding and severe menstrual cramps among many students. The standing committee pulled up the relevant state governments for the shoddy investigation into these deaths.

It said it was disturbed to find that ‘all the seven deaths were summarily dismissed as unrelated to vaccinations without in-depth investigations …’ the speculative causes were suicides, accidental drowning in well (why not suicide?), malaria, viral infections, subarachnoid hemorrhage (without autopsy) etc.”

This information is even more shocking when you discover that the organization funding the study was none other than the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, who declared the project a total success.

Kumar wrote:

“According to the BMGF, the WHO, the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, and the Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India have all recommended vaccination ‘as a proven and highly effective preventive measure for cervical cancer.’ The project used vaccines that are licensed in India and that have been administered safely around the world tens of millions of times, preventing countless cases of cervical cancer illness and death, ‘maintains a BMGF spokesperson in an emailed response (see GAVI & PHFI create incentives …’”

He continued:

“BMGF’s role in funding the controversial studies, however, has led to many healthcare activists in India voicing their apprehensions. ‘BMGF has to take full responsibility because PATH is funded by them. It is also unethical when people championing the cause of vaccines are the same ones who are also investing in vaccine development,’ said V Rukmini Rao, one of the activists who filed a writ petition before the Supreme Court in connection with the HPV vaccine studies.” [3]

Absolutely, and this is not the first time that these organizations have been caught illegally testing vaccines in developing countries.

Gates Foundation, WHO, PATH, GAVI, UNICEF Behind Chad Vaccine Disaster

In December 2012, in the small village of Gouro, Chad, Africa, situated on the edge of the Sahara Desert, five hundred children were locked into their school, threatened that if they did not agree to being force-vaccinated with a meningitis A vaccine, they would receive no further education.

These children were vaccinated without their parents’ knowledge. This vaccine was an unlicensed product still going through the third and fourth phases of testing.

Within hours, one hundred and six children began to suffer from headaches, vomiting, severe uncontrollable convulsions and paralysis. The children’s wait for a doctor began. They had to wait one full week for a doctor to arrive while the team of vaccinators proceeded to vaccinate others in the village.

When the doctor finally came, he could do nothing for the children. The team of vaccinators, upon seeing what had happened, fled the village in fear.

The original report written in a small, local newspaper called La Voix, the only newspaper to have published the original story, stated that forty children were finally transferred to a hospital in Faya and later taken by plane to two hospitals in N’Djamena, the capital city of Chad.

Link to VacTruth Article

After being shuttled around like cattle, many of these sick, weak children were finally dumped back in their village without a diagnosis and each family was given an unconfirmed sum of £1000 by the government. No forms were signed and no documentation was seen. They were informed that their children had not suffered a vaccine injury.

However, if this were true, why would their government award each family £1000 in what has been described as hush money?

The only mainstream news channel to have highlighted the plight of these poor children was a local channel called Tchad, which filmed footage of the then-Prime Minister of Chad visiting the children in hospital.

VacTruth has copies of both reports, along with medical and government documents.

Despite this evidence and VacTruth’s detailed and extensive coverage, including highlighting television footage, once again, the vaccine program was hailed a success. To watch videos reporting the story, see the references at the end of this article. [4] [5]

The groups involved with this project were PATH, WHO, UNICEF, and the Gates Foundation. During investigations, it was discovered that the whole project was being run by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

 

(Umme ahmad comment: ” Sadly chad is not the only place where the USA, UNICEF, and other terrorist organisation, covered under the slogan free healthcare for children. Media is run by anti islam sects and full force pro vaccination councils. so any organisation which would record side effects of vaccines does NOT exist here and it will not be reported and doctors her are NOT trained  to recognize vaccine damage at all. Its flu or stomach problems , its said!!!Here in Pakistan the same problems are going on all the time but the government is just ignoring it. No type of vaccine related information is available i n Pakistan, only online( and this in only foreign languages) and even many sites who expose the criminal activities of the Pakistani government and WHO, etc., are being blocked . Great? right now the poor flood victims, victim of political wars and the poor in remoter areas are under another spell of forced mass vaccination programs against polio and measles, mumps, rubella all what happens here is exactly against the fundamentals of Islam and the Pakistani constitutions which proclaims that any individual is free to practice its religion!! How , if the West, namely America, and the faasiq government forces  me to vaccinate myself and children with haraam and harmful and filthy stuff ?!).)

In a press release, the Gates Foundation stated:

“MenAfriVac is a tremendous success story for the global health community. It is the first vaccine developed specifically for Africa, and it proves that global partnerships can develop and deliver high-quality, low-cost vaccines.

Ten years ago, we invested in the Meningitis Vaccine Project,  an innovative model that brought together PATH, the World Health Organization, African health ministers and the Serum Institute of India today, we celebrate the result: a modern vaccine selling for less than US 50 cents per dose with the potential to end Africa’s deadly meningitis epidemics.

We believe that vaccines are one of the best buys in global health. In January, Bill and Melinda Gates called on the global community to make this the Decade of Vaccines. There is no better way to launch this decade than with a new vaccine that will improve and save lives.” [6]

VacTruth can prove otherwise.

Government Inquiry Holds GAVI Accountable for Multiple Deaths

Despite the fact the Gates Foundation call vaccines “one of the best buys in global health,” a government inquiry in Pakistan has found the complete opposite.

In 2011, the Express Tribune published a story stating that:

“ISLAMABAD: A government inquiry has found that polio vaccines for infants funded by the Global Alliance for Vaccination and Immunisation are causing deaths and disabilities in regional countries including Pakistan.

The startling revelation is part of an inquiry report prepared by the Prime Minister’s Inspection Commission (PMIC) on the working of the Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI). The PMIC, headed by Malik Amjad Noon, has recommended that Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani immediately suspend the administration of all types of vaccines funded by the GAVI.”

According to the Express Tribune, the main vaccinations in question were the polio vaccine and the 5-in-1 pentavelent vaccine, which were said to be responsible for the deaths and disability of a number of children in Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and Japan.

The vaccines were funded by the Global Alliance for Vaccination and Immunization (GAVI) an organization financed by the Bill and Melinda Gates Children’s Vaccine Program, the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association, the Rockefeller Foundation, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank.

Writing on the official report, made exclusive to the newspaper, the Express Tribune stated:

“The report states, ‘The procured vaccines are not tested in laboratories to confirm their efficacy and genuineness. This leaves room for use of spurious and counterfeit vaccines.’” [7] (emphasis added)

If this is true, then once again the Gates Foundation has been linked to mass vaccination initiatives using untested, unsafe vaccinations.

The Gates Foundation and WHO Labeled Unethical by Medical Experts

In 2012, Ramesh Shankar Mumbai, an author writing for the Pharmabiz website, reported that two medical experts from India had accused the Gates Foundation and WHO of being unethical.

In his report, Mumbai stated that Dr. Neetu Vashisht and Dr. Jacob Puliyel of the Department of Pediatrics at St. Stephens Hospital in Delhi, wrote the following information in their report in the April issue of Indian Journal of Medical Ethics.

“It was unethical for WHO and Bill Gates to flog this program when they knew 10 years back that it was never to succeed. Getting poor countries to expend their scarce resources on an impossible dream over the last 10 years was unethical.”

Pharmabiz.com reported that Dr. Vashisht and Dr. Puliyel had continued their report by stating:

“Another major ethical issue raised by the campaign is the failure to thoroughly investigate the increase in the incidence of non-polio acute flaccid paralysis (NPAFP) in areas where many doses of vaccine were used. NPAFP is clinically indistinguishable from polio paralysis but twice as deadly.”

Pharmabiz.com continued:

“The authors noted that while India was polio-free in 2011, in the same year, there were 47500 cases of NPAFP. While data from India’s National Polio Surveillance Project showed NPAFP rate increased in proportion to the number of polio vaccine doses received, independent studies showed that children identified with NPAFP ‘were at more than twice the risk of dying than those with wild polio infection.’” [8]

The corruption and deceit by these organizations does not stop there.

The Gates Foundation Blamed for 10,000 Vaccine-Related Deaths

In 2013, yet another report named the Gates Foundation and GAVI as being responsible for multiple deaths using untested vaccinations on children from the developing world.

The report, published on the website Occupy Corporatism and written by Susanne Posel stated:

“It was found out through an investigation, that GAVI was using an untested vaccine; giving this dangerous vaccine to Pakistani children shows the lack of empathy associated with these organizations.

GAVI was blamed for the deaths of 10,000 children in Pakistan when they came in and administered polio vaccines that resulted in casualties.” [9]

As we know, GAVI is heavily funded by the Gates Foundation. [10]

So, what was the name of the organization that investigated GAVI and found them using untested polio vaccinations in Pakistan?

According to the Express Tribune article, which I referred to earlier in this article, it was none other than the Indian government, who, upon discovering the shocking truth, recommended the immediate suspension of the administration of all types of vaccines funded by GAVI. [7]

In a recent radio show hosted by Sallie O. Elkordy, Susanne Posel gave her frank and honest views on the whole sorry mess that we find ourselves in today.

Warning: This report is not for the faint-hearted. [11]

Conclusion

It is difficult to believe that, despite the mounting evidence outlining the many crimes against humanity that have been committed by the Gates Foundation, GAVI, UNICEF and PATH, Bill Gates is portrayed as a hero among many.

However, according to the definition of hero in the Oxford Dictionary, the word hero means:

“A person, typically a man, who is admired or idealized for courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities.” [12]

The dictionary I used said nothing about vaccinating innocent, vulnerable children with untested and unsafe vaccinations, causing them to suffer agonizing, untimely deaths.

 

Photo Credit

  • JC

    Finally. Now Gates needs to be held accountable for the vast aerosol spraying going on overhead in the name of Solar Radiation Management and weather modification. He’s front and center on this technology that is so secret that most of the world doesn’t know it’s been going on for decades and is destroying our atmosphere. We’re very close to a climate meltdown and many scientists who aren’t paid by our government and corporations feel that we’ve already passed the tipping point and the world now has maybe a couple of years. Sad that technology has finally brought the world to it’s knees and we’re soon to loose everything.

  • TOOMUCH CORRUPTION

    I’m sure in his messed up mind the benefits of the vaccine out weigh the risks.
    Just because you stole an idea and became a billionaire doesn’tmean you have a clue.
    Sue his corrupt ass.

  • GINGER33

    This is exciting, these people who are deliberately performing acts of extreme violence against humanity need to be held accountable….. This really is just the beginning….. The more humanity come together and scream ‘ We refuse to take this anymore ‘ the more we will see how unstable this whole ridiculous scam really is ….. People need to vote with their feet, take responsibility, and do their homework, just because it’s on TV or on radio doesn’t mean it’s true…. Get educated there is a tremendous amount of fantastic information available, as hard as it might be, better to know up front than discover it the hard way….. Dr Andrew Wakefield was onto the major problems years ago… And look what they did to him …..it’s time and I couldn’t be any happier ….. What else can we do to see that this situation comes to fruition and all involved are truly held accountable ….. This is a fantastic opportunity …. Fingers crossed

  • YELLOWRIVER

    I hope he gets what’s coming to him, his money won’t save him ever in this life or the next.

  • FREE PEOPLE

    This is good news but to simply sue eugenicist Bill Shill Gates is hardly enough. He needs to be prosecuted and executed for his crimes and he would still be in debt. His worthless life is not worth the life of ONE child he has killed.

    Perhaps the day of reckoning is near for the diabolical Vaccines INC – including everybody involved in the HOAX of all time. In other news here in the US, Rob Schneider, actor, commedian is ready to expose CDC documents from 2001 vaccine study – smoking gun! In a letter to Gov Jerry Brown, some of his statements are:

    “…how many children in California in the last THIRTEEN years since that report have been hurt? How many childrren in the US have been permanently damaged?”

    “AFRICAN AMERICAN CHILDREN were and still are THREE HUNDRED AND FIFTY PERCENT more likely to develop Autism under the current Vaccine MMR schedule. This according to the original CDC study in 2001.”

    Criminal! Diabolical! The entire vaccine industry, CDC and medical mafia members who push these poisons need to be prosecuted for their crimes against humanity.

    http://naturalsociety.com/actor-comedian-rob-schneider-holds-smoking-gun-cdc-vaccine-autism-deception/?utm_source=Natural+Society&utm_campaign=bf3c26ad90-Email+577%3A+10%2F5%2F2014&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f20e6f9c84-bf3c26ad90-324088329

    Reject the inject – ALL of them!

Mini nuclear bombs used to bring down world trade center


Salam,
How the Zionists are able to pull off something like 911 and hide it in plain sight like the MH370 or MH17 tragedy is beyond my understanding. By now, it is very clear that the buildings were brought down using “mini-nukes” by the zionists. 92 of the rescuers are dead from cancer so far. Its a clear cut case of radiation poisoning. Of course they have removed every trace of the debris and no Geiger counters are allowed!

Three 9/11 firefighters die of cancer in one day

NEW YORK: Three New York firefighters who worked at the World Trade Center ruins after the September 11 attacks died within hours of each other from cancer, fire officials said Thursday.

Howard Bischoff and Daniel Heglund were 58, while the third firefighter, Robert Leaver, was 56. All three men, who died Monday, had been retired since 2003.

“Losing three firefighters on the same day to WTC-related illnesses is a painful reminder that, 13 years later, we continue to pay a terrible price for the department´s heroic efforts on September 11,” Fire Commissioner Daniel Nigro said.

Their deaths bring the number of rescue workers who have perished from September 11-related illnesses to 92.

Tens of thousands of people, mainly emergency workers, have contracted respiratory, skin and other ailments after being exposed to toxins at Ground Zero. The World Trade Center Health Program was set up in 2010 to treat victims.

The attacks on September 11, 2001 killed nearly 3,000 people, including 343 firefighters. (AFP)

Regards

Women in Islam


Posted by: TheMajlis

Hadhrat Aishah Siddiqah (radhiyallahu anha) nllam) narrates

“Verily, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) cursed the rajlah among women.” (Abu Dawood)

The term rajlah is the feminine of rajul which means ‘a man’.Thus , rajlah means ‘a man-woman’ or a defeminized woman or a masculinized woman. Hadhrat Aishah (radhiyallahu anha) said that such women were cursed by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Women who emulate men in their appearance, dress, attitudes, etc., are termed rajlah and the la’nat (curse) of Allah, His Rasool and the Malaaikah perpetually settle on these feminized or masculinized females.

A salient feature of such women is that they vie with males in fields which Allah Ta’ala has ordained exclusively or primarily for men. They seek leadership and exposure. They love public platforms and always crave to exhibit themselves in public. They are generally raucous, loud and immodest. They detest domestic work and the home-role which Allah Ta’ala has made Waajib for them.

They display the tendencies of lesbians and many of them are in fact lesbians or female homosexuals. They insist to be in the street and out of the home in conflict with Allah’s prohibition:

“And remain (glued) inside your homes, and do not make an exhibition of yourselves like the exhibition (of the women of) Jahiliyyah.” (Qur’aan)

These specimens of humanity cursed by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) have taken over from the kuffaar the slogan and concept of ‘the equality of sexes’, but there is no such stupid idea in Islam. While these defeminized women scream the slogan of ‘equality of sexes’, the Qur’aan explicitly and categorically affirms the superior rank of men and that males are the rulers of women.

The masculinized women try to push themselves into the forefront of spheres belonging to males inspite of Rasulullah’s order:

“Put them (women) behind just as Allah has put them behind.” 

Women of this kind—masculinized women, defeminized women, women with lesbian tendencies—who crave to stand shoulder to shoulder with men in the public howling slogans, form dangerous marriage partners. Men of Deeni concious should be careful when choosing a marriage partner. It is necessary to watch out for these accursed tendencies and attributes before plunging into marriage.

Marriage with masculinized women can last only if the husband buckles and accept the role of a dayyooth (cuckold). Under the domination of the masculinized woman, a man will have to agree to hand over his pants to the ‘he-her’- to the rajlah mal-oonah (the accursed male-woman). All women who compete with men and endeavour to be in public at the helm are women of this ilk.

The ideal woman of the Qur’aan and Islam is described by the Qur’aan Majeed in the following glowing terms: “(Such women who are) chaste,Simple and believing..”

The attributes of uprighteous Muslim females are Imaan, chastity and simplicity. They are not like the accursed masculinized or defeminized women who love public platforms and who detest the home-role for which Allah Ta’ala has created them. When a woman detests her natural divinely ordained role, then she must necessarily be unnatural and abnormal. Since she imitates and emulates men of her own free accord, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) cursed her. Such women need to reflect and understand the umbrella of divine la’nat which covers them.

Donating one’s hair to make wigs for children with cancer


Q: I am a female in need of advice about the cutting of hair in terms of disposal. I cut my hair on Friday and someone mentioned this foundation to me where you can donate your hair and they make wigs for children with cancer to use. Now my mum says she’s not sure if it’s a good idea because Islamically you must bury your hair and I agree with that. However, I really just want to make a difference for a cancer-suffering child and of course I won’t do it if it’s wrong. My question is: Is it wrong to donate your hair for cancer patients?

 

A: It is not permissible for women to cut their hair and further, donating hair is not permissible. Human hair should be buried.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

وفيه قطعت شعر رأسها أثمت ولعنت  زاد في البزازية وإن بإذن الزوج لا طاعة لمخلوق في معصية الخالق ول​ذا يحرم على الرجل قطع لحيته والمعنى المؤثر التشبه بالرجال اه (الدر المختار 6/407)

الانتفاع بأجزاء الآدمي لم يجز قيل للنجاسة وقيل للكرامة هو الصحيح كذا في جواهر الأخلاطي (الفتاوى الهندية 5/354)

فإذا قلم أطفاره أو جز شعره ينبغي أن يدفن ذلك الظفر والشعر المجزوز (الفتاوى الهندية 5/358)

 

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

The Hilal for the month of Dhul Hijjah was not sighted anywhere in North America or South America


The Hilal for the month of Dhul Hijjah was not sighted anywhere in North America or South America on the evening of Wednesday, September 24, 2014.  Therefore, we will complete 30 days of Dhul Qa’dah and the 1st of Dhul Hijjah 1435 will be Friday, September 26, 2014 andEid-ul-Adha will be Sunday, October 5, 2014 Insha’Allah.


Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia:
The date for Eid-ul-Adha is based on the moonsighting, not following Saudi Arabia

Question:

I have a question about the dates of the Eids…I know that Eidul Fitr is after the month of Ramadhan and there is always dispute about this day (some will celebrate it after the 29th, while others celebrate it after the 30th), but in regards to the Eidal Adha, does this day coincide with what the hujjaj are doing in Makkah, or can this day differ according to the different countries others are in?

 

Answer:

 

Praise be to Allaah.

 

The differences among Muslims with regard to Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha is based on the difference of scholarly opinion, and it is the same for both Eids. Shaykh Ibn Baaz, the Grand Mufti Saudi Arabia, (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, after mentioning the difference of opinion among the scholars about different moon sighting in different countries at the beginning and end of the month:                        

 

It seems to me that the differences in moon sightings do not matter, and that what must be done is to follow the sighting of the moon with regard to starting and ending the fast and offering the sacrifice when it is proven according to sharee’ah that the moon has been sighted in any land.

 

Then he said: Whether or not we say that differences in sighting are valid, it seems that the ruling is the same for both Ramadaan and Eid al-Adha, and there is no difference between them according to what I know of sharee’ah. End quote. Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn Baaz (15/79).

 

In the fatwa of Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him), it says that differences in moon sighting should be followed with regard to Eid al-Adha just as they are followed with regard to the beginning and end of Ramadaan.

 

Based on this, there is no problem if Eid al-Adha is on Friday in one country and on Saturday in another, and so on, based on the differences in moon sighting.

 

The same may be said with regard to the fast of Ramadaan, fasting the day of ‘Arafah and fasting ‘Ashoora’, because these are things that have to do with the sighting of the moon, and the ruling on whether the month has begun or not.

 

And Allaah knows best.

Dr. Muhammad Salih al-Munajjid

 

If countries differ with regard to when Ramadaan begins and when the day of ‘Arafah is, with whom should I fast?

Question:

What if the day of ‘Arafah is different because of the moon being sighted at different times in different countries? Should we fast according to the moon sighting in the country where we are or according to the moon sighting in al-Haramayn (the two Holy Sanctuaries)?

 

Answer:

Praise be to Allaah.

This is based on a difference of opinion among the scholars: Is there only one moon sighting for the whole world or does it vary according to when the moon rises in different places?

The correct view is that it varies according to when the moon rises in different places. For example, if the moon is sighted in Makkah, and today is the ninth, and it is sighted elsewhere one day before Makkah, and the day of ‘Arafah in Makkah is the tenth for them, it is not permissible for them to fast on this day because it is Eid. Similarly if it so happens that they sight the moon after Makkah, and the 9th in Makkah is the 8th for them, then they should fast the day that is the 9th for them, which is the 10th in Makkah. This is the correct view, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When you see it (the new moon) fast and when you see it break your fast.” Those who did not see the moon in their own location have not seen it. Just as people are unanimously agreed that the times for dawn and sunset vary according to their own location, so too the months are also worked out by location, just like the daily timings.

Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 20.

And Allaah knows best.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen

[One of the greatest scholars of Saudi Arabia]

(may Allaah have mercy on him)

 

Saudi Grand Mufti-Eid al-Adha is Based on Moon Sighting(Eng,Arb,Urdu,Bangla)

 

Zhul Hijjah 1435

Slaughtering one’s Qurbaani in an abattoir outside the city after fajar Salaah


Q: If an abattoir outside the boundaries of the city where I live does Qurbani on my behalf between fajar and eid Salaah, is this Qurbaani valid?

 

A: If the abattoir is not in a city (i.e. it is not in a place where eid Salaah is performed instead it is in the farms or rural areas) then Qurbaani can be performed after the Fajar Salaah.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

والمعتبر مكان الأضحية لا مكان من عليه فحيلة مصري أراد التعجيل أن يخرجها لخارج المصر فيضح​ي بها إذا طلع الفجر مجتبى (الدر المختار 318/6)

قال الشامي : قوله ( والمعتبر مكان الأضحية إلخ ) فلو كانت في السواد والمضحى في المصر جازت قبل الصلاة وفي العكس لم تجز (رد المختار 318/6)​

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

Selling the skin of the Qurbaani animal


Q: Why can we not sell the skin of the Qurbaani animal?

 

A: It is permissible to sell the skin, however the money must be given in sadaqah to a poor person.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

( فإن بيع اللحم أو الجلد به ) أي بمستهلك ( أو بدراهم تصدق بثمنه ) (الدر المختار 6/ 328)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

The Kufr of German Muslims


German Muslims condemn Islamic State in nationwide day of prayer
By Alexandra Hudson SEPTEMBER 22, 2014
 Print
inShare
GERMANY MUSLIM IMAM MOSQUE PRAYERS ISLAMIC STATE IRAQ SYRIA
(Muslims perform Friday prayers on Skalitzer Strasse (street) in Berlin September 19, 2014. More than 2,000 German mosques have invited Germans of all religions to join their Friday prayers to present a united front against the Islamic State to try to dissuade young Muslims from travelling to fight with radical Islamists in Syria and Iraq. REUTERS/Hannibal )
(Muslims perform Friday prayers on Skalitzer Strasse (street) in Berlin September 19, 2014.  REUTERS/Hannibal )
German Muslims have condemned the actions of Islamic State in a nationwide day of prayer  and vowed to stem the tide of youngsters heading to join radical militants in Syria and Iraq.
In Berlin, where Friday prayers spilled out onto a busy central street, politicians and non-Muslims joined about a thousand faithful to protest against the radical Islamists.
They also stressed that the vast majority of Muslims are peaceful, amid continued attacks on mosques and fears of rising Islamophobia.
Authorities estimate 400 Germans have joined IS in Iraq and Syria. Leading politicians have urged the country’s 4 million Muslims to be vigilant about IS recruitment, especially on the Internet, where youngsters are increasingly lured not only by calls to join jihad but also by idealistic promises of building a new caliphate.
German media has reported that the federal prosecutor is investigating more than 30 young individuals suspected of joining IS militants. Many more people are being monitored by regional authorities over their suspected actions in Syria.
“A Muslim doesn’t kill other Muslims,” said Mahmod Osman, 23, speaking in Berlin’s Kreuzberg district. “(Islamic State) bring shame on themselves, but not on Islam, because they aren’t Muslim… Muslims will not accept this, not tolerate this.”
Asked about those youngsters heading to join Islamic State, 19 year-old Mustafa K., who preferred not to give his surname, said, “I worry for them, for their families, for Germany, for the world. It is a huge catastrophe.”
“What we can do is stop a person from joining up. We need to show them other alternatives,” he added.
The nationwide day of prayer was intended to make clear “terrorists and criminals do not speak in the name of Islam, they have trampled on the commandments of our religion, and that murderers and criminals have no place in our ranks, in our religion,” the head of the Central Council of Muslims, Aiman Mazyek, said this week.