Routine pelvic exams cause of increased rate of hysterectomy

Routine Pelvic Exams Might Be Totally Unnecessary


Routine Pelvic Exams Might Be Totally UnnecessarySEXPAND123

Getting fingered at your gyno’s office once a year is a typically awkward experience, but it turns out that it might also be a pointless one. Experts are now saying that there is no medical evidence that supports the need for well women to get routine pelvic exams.

More and more doctors are challenging the merits of the frequency of such exams—called bimanual exams—arguing that they are not medically necessary, increase the cost of medical care, and scare younger women away from the gynecologist. Additionally, bimanual exams can cause suspicion and alarm over conditions that are ultimately benign but lead to surgery that could cause complications.

Ostensibly, bimanual exams are performed to detect STIs and cancer. But the CDC finds that the exams are “not an effective screening tool for ovarian cancer,” while a study supported by the National Cancer Institute found that ovarian cancer is never detected by a pelvic exam alone. As for STI screening, urine samples and vaginal swabs are more advantageous than a pelvic exam.

Dr. Carolyn L. Westhoff, a gynecologist at Columbia University Medical Center, wrote in in The Journal of Women’s Health:

Frequent routine bimanual examinations may partly explain why U.S. rates of ovarian cystectomy and hysterectomy are more than twice as high as rates in European countries, where the use of the pelvic examination is limited to symptomatic women.

The issue here seems to be a product of our healthcare system, where doctors are only paid for procedures and not for time spent with patients. So it would seem that routinely poking around in our vaginas is necessary only for billing purposes, which kind of makes the gynecologists’ office a little bit like the Moonlight Bunny Ranch, except that we don’t aren’t getting a cut.

Image via TDHster/Shutterstock

An Exam With Poor Results [NYT]


The perversion of gynecology and vaginal exams…..

Why are doctors sticking their fingers into women’s vaginas?

You might have wondered why doctors routinely perform bimanual exams (insertion of fingers into the vagina) during pelvic examinations. Well, if you asked your doctor for an explanation you might not get one because doctors themselves are a bit vague about the purpose of bimanual exams. In fact, the lack of clarity extends all the way up to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), where “the reasoning behind the performance of the exam is not defined” (

Doctors’ uncertainty about the purpose of the exam can lead to inappropriate practices, over-diagnosis, potentially harmful over-treatment and devastating outcomes. A recent research study involving 521 obstetrician-gynecologists revealed the extent of the uncertainty and lack of consistency among doctors. Doctors taking part in the research study were presented with patient scenarios and then asked whether or not they would perform a bimanual exam.

The first scenario involved an 18 year old female who was there for a routine health visit, had become sexually active one month ago, had no history of dysplasia, had no symptoms, and was not pregnant.  Doctors were asked if they would perform a bimanual exam on this 18 year old female and the vast majority (87%) indicated that yes, they would perform the exam.  This is alarming because apparently the majority of doctors are unaware that exams are not recommended by ACOG in asymptomatic females under the age of 21.

In another scenario doctors were presented with a 55 year old woman who had come in for a routine health visit.  Her cervix and ovaries had been removed one year earlier at time of hysterectomy for fibroids.  She had no history of dysplasia and no symptoms.   In spite of the absence of all reproductive organs, and even though ACOG’s current guidelines recommend against exams on women who have had a total hysterectomy, almost all of the doctors indicated they would perform a bimanual exam on this patient.

Of the 521 obstetrician-gynecologists involved in the study, 47% believed that bimanual exams were very important in the detection of ovarian cancer.  This is in direct contrast to the ACOG endorsement that ovarian cancer screening is not recommended.  Ovarian cancer screening is not recommended based on research which shows that the harms of screening outweigh the benefits.   Some of the harms include unnecessary surgeries following a false-positive diagnosis, unnecessary psychological distress, and harmful over-treatment.

The research findings regarding doctors’ uncertainty about bimanual exams and their inappropriate overuse of the exam helps highlight the need for further education.  The lack of clarity among doctors regarding the purpose of the bimanual exam at least helps to explain many doctors’ silence and failure to offer women informed consent or an explanation prior to performing the exam.

Thank you to Karen for her enlightening comments and references:



Pap Tests and Pelvic Exams

What Doctors Don’t Want You to Know About Pap Tests and Pelvic Exams

You might have wondered why doctors are so persistent when it comes to your pap test and pelvic exam.  You might also have wondered why doctors don’t give you information and offer you a choice in the matter.  Here is some information about pap tests and pelvic exams that doctors rarely tell you:

Pap Tests – Undisclosed Information:  Pap tests detect abnormal cells on your cervix.  What doctors don’t tell you is that the results from a pap smear are often inaccurate (between 10 and 60% of pap smears are inaccurate) and will show a false positive for abnormal cells if you have recently had intercourse, taken a bath, used a tampon, or any number of such things.  An abnormal pap smear does not necessarily mean you have cervical cancer, or that you are even at risk of cervical cancer.

Cervical Cancer – Undisclosed Information:  Doctors also don’t want you to know how rare cervical cancer is.  Your odds of getting cervical cancer are 1 in 13,699 (in developed countries).  Your odds of dying in a motor vehicle accident each year are 1 in 6,535.  In other words, you are more than twice as likely to die in a car accident than you are of getting cervical cancer.  Also, the odds of getting cervical cancer are even lower if you are a young to middle aged woman.

Extra Fees – Undisclosed Information:  Doctors are able to charge extra fees for pap smears.  Doctors don’t want you to know that they are making more money from your visit every time you agree to a pap test.

Bimanual Exams – Undisclosed Information:  Doctors perform a bimanual exam (insertion of fingers into the vagina) along with the speculum exam.  What doctors don’t want you to know is that there is no data to support the relevance of the bimanual exam.  Studies have shown that no abnormalities have ever been accurately detected by inserting fingers into a woman’s vagina. jwh.2010.2349 (application/pdf Object

Pleasure – Undisclosed Information:  Some doctors enjoy performing pelvic exams.  But do not take my word for this – read for yourself a male doctor’s point of view on pelvic exams:

Further Tests – Undisclosed Information:  Many women who receive a false positive pap smear result are sent for further and more invasive testing.  This leads to further income for medical professionals, but this is also where further damage to the cervix can occur from colposcopies and unnecessary biopsies; resulting in risk of heavy bleeding, infection, irreparable cervical mutilation, unnecessary hysterectomies, and difficulties with pregnancy and giving birth as the following evidence shows:

Based on solid evidence, regular screening with the Pap test leads to additional diagnostic procedures (e.g., colposcopy) and treatment for low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL), with long-term consequences for fertility and pregnancy. These harms are greatest for younger women, who have a higher prevalence of LSIL, lesions that often regress without treatment. Harms are also increased in younger women because they have a higher rate of false-positive results. Magnitude of Effect: Additional diagnostic procedures were performed in 50% of women undergoing regular Pap testing . . . The number with impaired fertility and pregnancy complications is unknown.

So, as you can see, there are many good reasons why your doctor doesn’t want to offer you information and a choice regarding pelvic exams and pap tests.  Do your research, protect your healthy mind and body.

Shameless and useless routine gynecological examinations- Muslim men should check what they send their wives to!





Routine Gynecological Exams

The information we provide on Routine Gynecological Examinations is divided into three sections. You may jump directly to the section you are interested in by clicking on the title of the section.

Pelvic Examinations

Self Breast Examination

Pap Smears

Pelvic Examinations

What is a Pelvic Exam?

During the pelvic exam, your clinician checks your sex organs. These organs are your uterus, vagina, ovaries, fallopian tubes and cervix. Part of your pelvic exam is your Pap Smear Test.

Why do I need a Pelvic Exam?

Having a pelvic exam along with the Pap test is an important part of staying healthy. Even if you feel OK, you should have this exam every year or as often as your clinician recommends. Your pelvic exam will help you take care of any problems before they become serious. For instance, you may have an infection without knowing it, you may need treatment to prevent cancer, you may need care to protect your reproductive health.

What will happen during a Pelvic Exam and Routine Gynecological Exam?

If this is your first exam, or if you feel scared, tell the clinician. Also keep in mind that it is okay and even encouraged to ask questions. You may feel a little uncomfortable, but if you feel any pain, tell the clinician. It helps to relax, try taking slow, deep breaths. Here is what to expect from your Exam:

  1. First you’ll need to undress and put on a cover. When you lie on the exam table, you will have a sheet to cover your legs.
  2. Your clinician will check your breasts for any lumps or changes that may lead to cancer. Be sure to ask about checking your breasts at home.
  3. Your clinician will check the outside of your vagina. Then the clinician will gently open the vagina with a speculum.
  4. Your clinician will take a few cells from your cervix for the Pap test. You may feel a pinch or a cramp, but it only takes a few seconds.
  5. Next your clinician will perform a pelvic exam – a check of your sex organs by placing two fingers in your vagina while gently pressing on your stomach. If it is hard to feel your organs this way, your clinician may also place a finger in your rectum. This can make you feel like you have to go to the bathroom.
  6. Tell the clinician if you have had any rashes, bumps, pain or discharge. You may need other tests.

What should I do before my Pelvic Exam?

For the two days before your exam, don’t put anything in your vagina. Don’t douche, don’t have sex, don’t use tampons and don’t put medicine inside your vagina. This will help your clinician get a good sample of cells from the cervix. If your sample is not good, you may need to come back for another test. Keep in mind you’ll need to have your exam done when you are not on your period.

What do my Pap Test results mean?

For more information on Pap Test results, please visit our section on Pap Smears.

How can I protect myself from cancer of the cervix?

  1. Get the follow-up care you need in a timely basis. Don’t wait!
  2. Use condoms every time you have sex to protect from infections and cancer of the cervix.
  3. Don’t smoke cigarettes.
  4. Eat healthy foods rich in folic acid like oranges and broccoli.
  5. Have a Pap test once a year or more often if your health care provider recommends it.

Self Breast Examinations

Check your breasts once a month

Get to know how your breasts look and feel. Look for any changes from one month to the next. Checking your breasts takes just a few minutes. Choose a day in each month, while you are not on your period, that is easy for you to remember.

Check your whole breast area

This is the area from your armpit to just below the breasts; over the middle of your chest up to your collarbone.

Lie flat on your back

Put one arm over your head and a pillow under this shoulder. Start under the armpit with your other hand. You will be checking the whole breast area up and down.

Move your fingers in small circles

Use the flat part of your fingers. Make 3 little circles. First press gently, then press a little deeper and finally press as deep as you can. Without lifting your fingers, move them down a little. Make 3 more little circles the same way. Keep making circles. Little by little, move your fingers until you have felt below your breast.

Check every inch of your breast

Feel in little circles. Keep going up and down. Raise your other arm and follow the same steps on the other breast.

Stand in front of a mirror

Look at the size and shape of your breasts and note any changes. Look at your skin and again, note any changes. Look at your nipples and squeeze them to check for fluid.

You can make a difference by doing these three things

  1. Check your breasts every month.
  2. Have your health care provider check your breasts once a year. The health care provider will look and feel for changes in your breasts.
  3. Talk with your doctor or nurse about when you should have a mammogram.


Clarification and Laws of Vaginal Discharge

Title: Clarification and Laws of Vaginal Discharge




we women always have white discharge. it means that it breaks wudhu and so we have to do wudu for all the time for every prayer.

does this still mean that on the time when we have white discharge we cannot read the holy quran?




In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.


In the books of Fiqh (Jurisprudence), the Fuqahā (Jurists) generally state the rulings for three types of fluids (discharges) experienced by women.[i] They are as follows:

  1. Fluid produced in the Farj al-Khārij (Vulva-the external region of the vagina)
  2. Fluid produced in the Farj ad-Dākhil (Vagina)
  3. Fluid produced anywhere beyond the Farj ad-Dākhil (beyond the vagina)

With regards to the first type of fluid, the Fuqahā state that any moisture produced in the Vulva is pure and does not invalidate Wudhū.

Regarding the second type of fluid, there is a difference of opinion among the Fuqahā. Imām Abū Hanīfah Rahimahullāh states that fluid produced in the Farj ad-Dākhil (vagina) is pure and the discharge of such fluid does not nullify Wudhū.

However, Imām Abū Yūsuf Rahimahullāh and Imām Muhammad Rahimahullāh are of the view that discharge produced in the vagina is impure and nullifies Wudhū. According to the principles of Iftā (giving Fatwā), the view of Imām Abū Hanīfah Rahimahullāh is the preferred view.[ii]

Regarding the third type of discharge, the Fuqahā agree that discharge produced in any region beyond the Farj ad-Dākhil (vagina) is impure and nullifies Wudhu. This includes discharge produced in the uterus.

According to medical research, the normal discharge experienced by women is produced in the vagina and at times it may be produced in the cervix.[iii]

The difficulty and real challenge is to determine the purity or otherwise of a women’s discharge from the cervix. This depends much on the position and classification of the cervix:

  1. If the cervix is part of the vagina, then discharge produced in the cervix is pure and does not nullify Wudhū.
  2. If the cervix is part of the Uterus, then discharge produced in the cervix is impure and it nullifies Wudhū.
  3. If the cervix is neither part of the vagina nor part of the cervix, rather it is a region between the two, then discharge produced in the cervix is still impure and it nullifies Wudhū since it is in an area beyond the vagina.

According to medical research, the cervix is part of the uterus and not part of the vagina.[iv]

In support of this, we have come across the following reference:

وَالْحَاصِلُ أَنَّ رُطُوبَةَ الْفَرْجِ ثَلَاثُ أَقْسَامٍ طَاهِرَةٌ قَطْعًا وَهِيَ مَا تَكُونُ فِي الْمَحَلِّ الَّذِي يَظْهَرُ عِنْدَ جُلُوسِهَا وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَجِبُ غَسْلُهُ فِي الْغُسْلِ وَالِاسْتِنْجَاءِ، وَنَجِسَةٌ قَطْعًا وَهِيَ مَا وَرَاءَ ذَكَرِ الْمُجَامِعِ، وَطَاهِرَةٌ عَلَى الْأَصَحِّ وَهِيَ مَا يَصِلُهُ ذَكَرُ الْمُجَامِعِ شَيْخُنَا اهـ بُجَيْرِمِيٌّ (حاشية الشرواني على تحفة المحتاج في شرح المنهاج، باب النجاسة وإزالتها)


In essence, there are three types of female discharges. The first type is pure. This is discharge that is produced in the region that is visible when a female is in the sitting position. This is also the same region that needs to be washed during Ghusl and Istinjā (vulva).

The second type of discharge is impure. This is discharge produced in a region that is beyond the area a man’s private part reaches during intercourse (cervix and uterus).

The third type of discharge is pure according to the preferred view. This is discharge produced in the area a man’s private part reaches during intercourse (vagina). (Hāshiyah ash-Shirwānī)

It is understood from the text of the second type of discharge that the cervix is beyond the vagina as the cervix is beyond the area of intercourse. Therefore, the fluid discharged from the cervix is considered impure and invalidates Wudhū.

Based on the aforementioned explanation, if a female is certain that the discharge she is experiencing is produced only in the vagina then such discharge is pure and does not nullify Wudhū. However this ruling is applicable on condition the discharge is clear or white (normal color). If it is mixed with blood or discharge due to arousal (Madhi)[v] the Wudhu will be invalidated.

However, if a female is unaware of the exact origin of her discharge (the vagina or the cervix), then she must renew her Wudhū and purify herself before Salāh. This is so because of the possibility the discharge may be from the cervix and thus impure.

Note: The previous Fatāwā issued by the Darul Iftaa on normal vaginal discharge were concise and did not address the position and discharge of the cervix. The present finding on the location of the cervix and the discharge from there being impure is based on precaution. If any woman regarded the cervical discharge to be pure based on the previous concise Fatwā, and performed Salāh, her Salāh will remain valid.

It should be borne in mind that the term precaution should not mean that there is flexibility on the issue and the discharge of the cervix could be pure. Often, the Fuqahā have issued official decrees based on Ihtiyāt (precaution). Therefore, as a matter of precaution, the official ruling of the discharge from the cervix is that it is impure.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best
Abdul Azīm bin Abdur Rahman,

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[i]  إمداد الفتاوى، ج 1، ص 121-130، مكتبة دار العلوم كراتشى

[ii]  وَأَمَّا رُطُوبَةُ الْفَرْجِ فَهِيَ طَاهِرَةٌ عِنْدَ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ كَسَائِرِ رُطُوبَاتِ الْبَدَنِ وَعِنْدَهُمَا نَجِسَةٌ؛ لِأَنَّهَا مُتَوَلِّدَةٌ فِي مَحَلِّ النَّجَاسَةِ (الجوهرة النيرة، ص 49، مير محمد كتب خانه)

وفي الدر رطوبة الفرج طاهرة عند أبي حنيفة (حاشية الطحطاوي علي مراقي الفلاح، ج 1، ص 98، دار الكتب العلمية بيروت – لبنان)

(أما عنده) اي الإمام فهي طاهرة كساير رطوبات البدن …….. وقد علمت أنه يفتي بقول الإمام علي الإطلاق لما في قوله من التوسعة اللتي ينبغي للمفتي أن يميل إليها دفعا للحرج عن الناس إلا في مسايل نص العلماء باالفتوي فيها علي قول غيره (طوالع الأنوار /1ق373/ ب (الأزهرية  (26826

(قوله: برطوبة الفرج) أي: الداخل بدليل قوله أولج. وأما رطوبة الفرج الخارج فطاهرة اتفاقا اهـ ح. وفي منهاج الإمام النووي رطوبة الفرج ليست بنجسة في الأصح. قال ابن حجر في شرحه: وهي ماء أبيض متردد بين المذي والعرق يخرج من باطن الفرج الذي لا يجب غسله، بخلاف ما يخرج مما يجب غسله فإنه طاهر قطعا، ومن وراء باطن الفرج فإنه نجس قطعا ككل خارج من الباطن كالماء الخارج مع الولد أو قبيله. اهـ. وسنذكر في آخر باب الاستنجاء أن رطوبة الولد طاهرة وكذا السخلة والبيضة. (قوله: أما عنده) أي: عند الإمام، وظاهر كلامه في آخر الفصل الآتي أنه المعتمد (رد المحتار، ج 1، 313، سعيد)

(قوله: رطوبة الفرج طاهرة) ولذا نقل في التتارخانية أن رطوبة الولد عند الولادة طاهرة، وكذا السخلة إذا خرجت من أمها، وكذا البيضة فلا يتنجس بها الثوب ولا الماء إذا وقعت فيه، لكن يكره التوضؤ به للاختلاف، وكذا الإنفحة هو المختار. وعندهما يتنجس، وهو الاحتياط. (رد المحتار، ج 1، ص 349، سعيد)

في ((الضياء المعنوي شرح مقدمة الغزنوي)) ق112/ا، فقال:

(أو أخرجت المرأة) القطنة (من فرجها) بأن حشته بقطنة حتى غيَّبتها، ثم أخرجتها، (وهي) والحال أن القطنة (مبلولة) وقيَّد به لأنها لو خرجت غير مبلولة لا ينتقض، وهذا التفصيل قول البعض، وقال بعضهم: لا تنقض الوضوء مطلقاً، وقال بعضهم: تنقض مطلقاً، وهي رواية محمد – رضي الله عنه – ، وقال الصريفي – رضي الله عنه -: لا تنقض عند أبي حنيفة – رضي الله عنه -، وتنقض عندهما – رضي الله عنهم -، وأصل الخلاف أن رطوبة الفرج عنده – رضي الله عنه – ـ طاهرة كسائر رطوبات البدن كالريق والعرق، وعندهما – رضي الله عنهم – ـ نجسة كالقيح؛ لأنها رطوبة متولدة في محل النجاسة.

وَجْهُ ما ذَكَرَهُ الْكَرْخِيُّ أَنَّ الرِّيحَ لَيْسَتْ بِحَدَثٍ في نَفْسِهَا لِأَنَّهَا طَاهِرَةٌ وَخُرُوجُ الطَّاهِرِ لَا يُوجِبُ انْتِقَاضَ الطَّهَارَةِ وَإِنَّمَا انْتِقَاضُ الطَّهَارَةِ بِمَا يَخْرُجُ بِخُرُوجِهَا من أَجْزَاءِ النَّجَسِ وَمَوْضِعُ الْوَطْءِ من فَرْجِ الْمَرْأَةِ ليس بِمَسْلَكِ الْبَوْلِ فَالْخَارِجُ منه من الرِّيحِ لَا يُجَاوِرُهُ النَّجَسُ(بدائع الصنائع، فصل باب ما ينقض الوضوء)

 (قوله: أما عنده) أي: عند الإمام، وظاهر كلامه في آخر الفصل الآتي أنه المعتمد. (رد المحتار، ج 1، ص 313، سعيد)

حكم إفرازات النساء

من أكثر الأسئلة طرحاً لدى النساء السؤال عن الإفرازات الخارجة منهنّ، والتي تسمّى لدى الفقهاء بـ(رطوبة الفرج)، هل هي طاهرة أم نجسة، وهل تنقض الوضوء أم لا؟

فأقول وبالله التوفيق: إن هذه الإفرازات طاهرة عند الإمام أبي حنيفة – رضي الله عنه -، ففي ((الجوهرة النيرة)) 1: 38: ((رطوبة الفرج فهي طاهرة عند أبي حنيفة كسائر رطوبات البدن))، وبالتالي لا يتنجس اللباس الذي تلامسه؛ لأنها كسائر رطوبات البدن من عرق وغيره لا تنجس الملابس. ففي ((رد المحتار))1: 349: رطوبة الفرج طاهرة؛ ولذا نقل في ((التتارخانية)): إن رطوبة الولد عند الولادة طاهرة, وكذا السخلة إذا خرجت من أمّها, وكذا البيضة فلا يتنجس بها الثوب، ولا الماء إذا وقعت فيه, لكن يكره التوضؤ به للاختلاف)): أي بين أبي حنيفة وصاحبيه – رضي الله عنهم – كما سيأتي.

وهذه الطهارة للإفرازات إذا كانت صافية نقية خالية عن لون، بخلاف ما إذا اختلطت بغيرها فتغير لونها فإنها تكون نجسة بالاتفاق، قال خاتمة المحققين ابن عابدين في ((حاشيته على الدر المختار)) 1: 349: ((وهذا إذا لم يكن معه دم، ولم يخالط رطوبة الفرج مذي أو مني من الرجل أو المرأة)). وأما بالنسبة لنقضها للوضوء، فطالما أنها طاهرة إن لم يخالطها شيء عند الإمام أبي حنيفة – رضي الله عنه -، فهي غير ناقضة للوضوء عنده، وقد صرَّح بذلك في ((الضياء المعنوي شرح مقدمة الغزنوي)) ق112/ا، فقال: ((إن أخرجت المرأة القطنة من فرجها بأن حشته بقطنة حتى غيَّبتها، ثم أخرجتها، وكانت القطنة مبلولة، وقيَّد بمبلولة؛ لأنه لو خرجت غير مبلولة لا ينتقض، وهذا التفصيل قول البعض، وقال بعضهم: لا تنقض الوضوء مطلقاً، وقال بعضهم: تنقض مطلقاً، وهي رواية محمد – رضي الله عنه – ، وقال الصريفي – رضي الله عنه -: لا تنقض عند أبي حنيفة – رضي الله عنه -، وتنقض عندهما ـ أي أبي يوسف ومحمد – رضي الله عنهم -، وأصل الخلاف أن رطوبة الفرج عنده ـ أي أبي حنيفة – رضي الله عنه – ـ طاهرة كسائر رطوبات البدن كالريق والعرق، وعندهما ـ أي أبي يوسف ومحمد – رضي الله عنهم – ـ نجسة كالقيح؛ لأنها رطوبة متولدة في محل النجاسة)). وهذا ما أفتى به العلامة مصطفى الزرقا – رضي الله عنه – كما في فتاواه ص95، فقال: ((سئلت فيما مضى كثيراً عن هذا الموضوع، وكنت أبيِّن شفهياً للسائلين من رجال ونساء أن هذا السائل اللزج الذي يخرج من المرأة في الحالات العادية( لا في الحالات المرضية) ويسميه الناس ـ الطهر ـ ليس بنجس شرعاً، ولا ينقض وضوء المرأة، كما يقرِّره الفقهاء، ومن السائلين من يستغرب هذا الجواب؛ لأنهم متصورون خلافه، ويتأكد منّي فأوكِّد لهم.. كأنما كل ما فيه تيسير وتسامح ودفع للحرج والمشقة فيما يتصل بواقع الحياة الطبيعية، يراه أناس غريباً، حتى كأنّ معنى الشريعة لا يتحقق إلا في الإرهاق والمشقة، ومع أن هذه الشريعة الغرَّاء السمحة أساساً للتيسير ودفع الحرج)). لكن العلامة محمد الحامد – رضي الله عنه – في ((ردود على أباطيل)) ص82-88أفتى بأنه ناقض للوضوء رغم أنه طاهر عند أبي حنيفة – رضي الله عنه -، وما سبق أن نقلناه عن ((الضياء المعنوي)) يحقق المسألة بأنه إذا كان طاهراً فهو ليس بناقض، كما هو عند الإمام أبي حنيفة – رضي الله عنه -، وإن كان نجساً كما هو عند الصاحبين – رضي الله عنهم – فهو ناقض، وعليه تحمل نصوص كتب المذهب، لا سيما أن المتون الفقهية لم تذكره ضمن نواقض الوضوء رغم كثرة وقوعه، وما ذلك إلا لكونه غير ناقض على قول الإمام أبي حنيفة – رضي الله عنه -.

ومما شرح صدري لهذا ما سمعته من أخي الفاضل الشيخ فراز رباني – رضي الله عنه – أن حكيم الأمة أشرف التهانوي فقيه العصر أفتى في ((إمداد الفتاوى)) بعدم النقض بعد تحقيقه للمسألة. (فتاوى يكثر السؤال عنها، ج 1، ص 35-37)

امداد الفتاوي، ج 1، ص 121-130، مكتبة دار العلوم كراتشى

[iii] Last accessed on June 29, 2013

[iv] Last accessed on June 29, 2013

[v]  قلت: وهذا إذا لم يكن معه دم ولم يخالط رطوبة الفرج مذي أو مني من الرجل أو المرأة. (رد المحتار، ج 1، ص 349، سعيد)

– See more at:


DISCLAIMER – questions answers issues pertaining to Shar’ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.

  • The Shar’s ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
%d bloggers like this: