Tarawee 20 rakaat or 8?


The practice of the Sahabah, Tabi’een, Taba’ Tabi’een

and the consensus of the ENTIRE Muslim Ummat

20 Raka’aat Taraweeh performed during the Khilaafat of Sayyiduna Umar

 

● Saa’ib bin Yazeed says: “During the reign of Sayyiduna Umar (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) the Muslims used to perform 20 Raka’aat of Taraweeh Salaah in the month of Ramadhaan.”              (ja’diyyaat lil baghawi 2825)

 

This Hadeeth has been rigorously authenticated by Imaam Nawawi, Allamah Taqiyyuddeen Subki, Ibnul Mulaqqin, Ibnul ‘Iraaqi, Allamah ‘Aynee and other great Imaams of Hadeeth.

(الخلاصة1/576، المجموع 4/32، شرح المنهاج –الحاوي للفتاوى 1/35-  البدر المنير 4/349، طرح التثريب 3/97، عمدة القاري 7/178 و غيرهم)

● Yazeed bin Rumaan says: “During the Khilaafat of Umar (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) the Muslims used to perform 23 Raka’aat (20 Taraweeh +3 witr) in Ramadhaan.”                                                       (Mu’atta Imam Maalik 259)

 

● Yayha bin Sa’eed says: “Umar (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) ordered one person to lead the Muslims in Taraweeh and to perform 20 Raka’aat.”                                                                                    (musannaf ibn abi shaybah 7764)

 

● Ubayy bin Ka’b (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) says: “Umar (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) ordered me to lead the Muslims in Taraweeh Salaah. I performed 20 Raka’aat.”                                (Authentic-al-Mukhtaarah – dhiyaa al-Maqdisi 1161)

 

20 Raka’aat Taraweeh performed during the Khilaafat of Sayyiduna Ali

● Abu Abdurrahmaan as-Sulami says: “Ali (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) called various Ulema who were proficient in the recitation of the Qur’aan and he ordered one of them to lead the Muslims in 20 Raka’aat of Taraweeh. Sayyiduna Ali (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) himself used to lead the Witr Salah.”            (As-Sunanul Kubra – bayhaqi 2/496)

 

20 Raka’aat Taraweeh performed by other Sahaabah

● Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Mas’ud (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) in Kufah

Zayd bin Wahb says: “Abdullah bin Mas’ud used to lead us in Taraweeh Salaah.” A’mash added: “he used to read 20 Rak’aat Taraweeh and 3 Witr.”                                                                                 (Umdatul Qaari 11/127)

 

● Sayyiduna Ubayy bin Ka’b (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) in Madeenah Munawwarah

Abdul Aziz bin Rufay’ says: “Ubay bin Ka’b used to lead the Taraweeh Salaah in Madeenah Munawwarah; 20 Raka’aat of Taraweeh and 3 Witr.” (Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah 7766)

20 Raka’aat Taraweeh performed by the Taabi’een and Taba’ Taabi’een

 

In  Makkah Mukarramah:

●Ataa bin Abi Rabaah (d. 114A.H.), a Tabi’ee, was the Mufti of Makkah Mukarramah. He says regarding the practice of the people of his era (the Sahabah and Tabi’een) in Makkah mukarramah: “I found the people performing 23 Raka’aat.” (20 Taraweeh+ 3 Witr)                                                     (Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah 7770)

●Imam Shafi’ee (rahmatullaahi ‘alayh) (d. 204 A.H.) says: “I found the people of Makkah Mukarramah performing 20 Raka’aat of Taraweeh Salaah.”                                                                          (Sunan Tirmidhi 1/166)

In Madeenah Munawwarah:

● Ibn Abi Mulaykah (rahmatullaahi ‘alayh) was a Taabi’ee in Madeenah Munawwarah who met at least 30 Sahabah. He passed away in 117 A.H.

 

Madrasatul Uloomish Shar’iyyah – Actonville – Benoni                                      1

Naafi’ bin Umar says: “Ibn Abi Mulaykah used to be our Imaam in Taraweeh. He used to perform 20 Raka’aat and in each Rak’at he used to recite as long as Surah Faatir (which equals to ±6 paras a night!)

(Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah 7765 bisanad saheeh-aathaarus sunan pg.254-rigorously authenticated)

In Kufah

● Suwayd bin Ghafalah (rahmatullaahi ‘alayh) (d. 80 A.H.) just missed being a Sahabi. He reached Madeenah Munawwarah the day Rasulullah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was buried. Afterwards he settled in Kufah.He used to lead the Muslims in Taraweeh Salaah, performing all 20 Raka’aat himself, even when he reached the ripe old age of 120!

(musannaf ibn abi shaybah 7784;As-sunanul kubraa 2/496; Bukhari in Tareekh Kabeer-kuna 234)

 

● Haarith, who was a student of Ali (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) in Kufah, used to lead the Muslims in Taraweeh Salaah; 20 Raka’aat Taraweeh and 3 Witr. He used to recite the Dua-e-Qunoot before going into Rukoo’.

(Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah 7767)

 

● Abul Bakhtaree (rahmatullaahi ‘alayh) was one of the senior companions of Ali (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) in Kufah. He passed away in 83 A.H. Rabee’ says: “Abul Bakhtaree used to perform 20 Raka’aat Taraweeh and 3 Witr.”                                                                                                                     (Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah 7776)

 

● Shutayr bin Shakal was a senior Taabi’ee and also a student of Ali and Ibn Mas’ud (radhiyallaahu ‘anhuma) in Kufah. Abdullah bin Qays says: “Shutayr used to perform20 Raka’aat of Taraweeh Salaah.”

(Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah 7762)

 

● Ali bin Rabee’ah (rahmatullaahi ‘alayh) was a Tabi’ee in Kufah who narrated Hadeeth from Sahabah like Ali. Ibn Umar, Samurah, Salmaan Faarsi, Mugheerah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhum).

Sa’eed bin Ubayd says that Ali bin Rabee’ah was their Imaam in Taraweeh. He used to read 20 Raka’aat Taraweeh and 3 Witr.                                                                                                   (Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah 7772)

 

● Ibraheem Nakha’ee (rahmatullaahi ‘alayh), a Tabi’ee (d. 96 A.H.) was one of the great Ulema of Kufah.

Imam Abu Haneefah (rahmatullaahi ‘alayh), also a Taabi’ee in Kufah, narrates from his Ustadh Hammaad the statement of Ibraheem Nakha’ee regarding the Muslims of his era (the Sahabah and Tabi’een): “The Muslims used to read 20 Raka’aat of Taraweeh in Ramadhaan.”                                     (Al-aathaar-imam abu yusuf -211)

 

● Sufyaan Thowri (rahmatullaahi ‘alayh), the great Imaam of Hadeeth in Kufah, (d. 161 A.H.) used to perform 20 Raka’aat Taraweeh.                                                                                                             (Sunan Tirmidhi 1/166)

In Basrah

● Hadhrat Hasan Basri (rahmatullaahi ‘alayh), (d. 110 A.H.) the famous Tabi’ee who is known for his vast knowledge and piety, says regarding the practice of the people of his era (the Sahabah and Tabi’een) in Basrah: “The Muslims used to read 20 Raka’aat Taraweeh in Ramadhaan.”         (Fadhaail Ramadhaan-ibn Abi Dunya 53)

 

Yunus says: “ Before the year 81 A.H. I saw:

● Abdur Rahmaan (d. 96 A.H.), the son of the famous Sahabi Abu Bakrah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu)

● Sa’eed bin Abil Hasan (d. 100 A.H.), the brother of Hasan Basri (rahmatullaahi ‘alayh)

● ‘Imraan al-‘Abdi; all 3 were Imaams in Basrah, they used to perform 20 Raka’aat, and they used to make 2 ‘khatms’ of the Qur’aan Shareef in Taraweeh.”                                 (Fadhaail Ramadhaan-ibn Abi Dunya 50)

 

Consensus of the Ulama and Fuqahaa on 20 Raka’aat

“(20 raka’aat Taraweeh) is the correct, established amount narrated from the Sahabi, Hadhrat Ubayy bin Ka’b, with the consensus of the Sahabah.”                                                                    (ibn abdil barr-istidhkaar 5/157)

 

Among the Ulama who have quoted IJMAA’ (CONSENSUS) on 20 Raka’aat are: Ibn Abdil Barr Maaliki, Taqiyyuddeen Subki Shaafi’ee, Ibnul Iraaqi Shaafi’ee, Ibn Qudaamah Hambali, Allamah ‘Aynee Hanafi.

 

Madrasatul Uloomish Shar’iyyah – Actonville – Benoni

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