- A glimpse into the life of the first rightly guided Khalifa
Hadhrat Umar’s (RA) prevailing law was that the country’s disabled, old and maimed should all receive an allowance from the treasury, whether they be Muslims, Christians, or people of any other religion.
He would frequently go and give the daily stipulated allowances of his people himself. He worked for the people of his vicinity and his neighbours. He brought people’s commodities from the bazaar.
He did not boast about being the leader of the Muslims. He delivered letters of soldiers to their homes personally and would express: “Keep your reply ready ! When the messenger goes your letter will also be given to him”.
If there was no ink or ink-pot at anyone’s home, he brought it. If there was no one to write at any home he sat at the door and wrote whatever the family people dictated.
He would then read the letter back to them. He gave these letters personally to the messenger. He ate simple food, wore plain clothes and did not have lavish dishes.
Hadhrat Umar (RadhiAllaahu-anhu) was an authority on genealogy family ties. In his youth he did athletic exercises, wrestled and arranged wrestling bouts. He would sit so rigidly on a horse as if he was fused to it.
Hadhrat Umar (RadhiAllaahu-anhu) attained distinction in oratory and poetry.
When he became a Muslim he discarded these. During the period under discussion very few Arabs could read and write.
During the time of Rasulullaah (SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam) there were only 17 persons among the Quraish tribe who could read and write and among them was Hadhrat Umar (RadhiAllaahu-anhu).
Because of his business ventures he travelled to Iraq and Syria, and frequently had the opportunity of meeting very affluent people.
He was seasoned in travelling and he understood business transactions so well that he had a full mastery of its basis.
Initially, he was a great enemy of Islaam. If any weak Muslim ever came under his control he would beat him or her very viciously.
There was a maid-servant named Sabeena who became a Muslim. Hadhrat Umar (RadhiAllaahu-anhu) had supervision over her. He clobbed the poor servant very cruelly and when he became exhausted, he said: “I am just retrieving my breath before commencing to beat you again”.
But he became a Muslim he proved to be such a Muslim that narrations about him will remain till Qiyaamat.
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Many books already mention his fortitude, his declaring of the truth, his sacrifices and services for Islaam and many more books will be written in the future in memory of Hadhrat Umar (RadhiAllaahuanhu).
The following persons from the forerunners of the Muhaajireen embraced Islaam through Abu Bakr R.A efforts; (‘Siyarus Sahabah’)
Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Affaan (RA)
Hadhrat Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqaas (RA)
Hadhrat Abu Ubaidah (RA)
Hadhrat Zubair bin Awwaam (RA)
Hadhrat Talha bin Ubaidullah (RA)
Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf (RA)
Hadhrat Abu Salamah (RA)
Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Math’oon (RA)
Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa’eed (RA)
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When the peace pact was signed Hadhrat Umar (RadhiAllaahu-anhu) inspected Jerusalem with the Christian leaders. These Christian leaders showed
him a Church when the time of Salaat approached. The Christian leaders requested : “Perform your Salaat here”.
The Commander of the Believers, Hadhrat Umar (RadhiAllaahu-anhu) said:
“If I perform Salaat here today the Muslims will express tomorrow that our Khaaleefa performed Salaat here. This place is yours. Your Church will become a matter of controversy”.
By bearing these subjects in mind Hadhrat Umar (RadhiAllaahu-anhu) did not perform Salaat in the Church.