Family planning in Islam

 Question: Assalam o Alekum,

I am a muslim from Delhi, I have few queries related to family planning and
abortion in Islam. I would be grateful to you if you kindly clarify the

1. Is family planning allowed in Islam? if so, what are the conditions?
2. Is Abortion is allowed in Islam? if so, what are conditions?
3. is it allowed in Islam to provide legal safe abortion  services?

As per Indian law Abortion is allowed in following four conditions, please
suggest if these are at par with Islamic laws:

1. if mother’s life is in danger
2. If child is detected as potential disable
3. if pregnancy is a result of rape
4. if family planning methods failed and family doesn’t want the child.


In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful *

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

We acknowledge receipt of your enquiries and the response follows


It is an unacceptable (in terms of Shar’iah) “excuse” for implementing *birth
control; Family planning is what the media generally bombards us with the

“global population explosion”. Western Media is very subtly indoctrinating
the minds of naïve people to think that if the growth of world population
is not curbed and stifled, the world could be shortly facing a food
shortage crisis.

As Muslims, we cannot ratify and accept the so-called “foregone
conclusions” and “projected forecasts” in the media that “ominously” warn
us about the world population reaching 5 billion in the next 40 years and
then increasing in leaps and bounds to reach alarming and astronomical
proportions in years to come. The reason for this is obvious to a Muslim;
it is our belief that Allah Ta’ala alone knows exactly what the future
holds for mankind at large. It does not necessarily mean that because the

world population has doubled in the last 40 years, it HAS to increase two
or three fold within the next 40 years as well. Some catastrophic event

“There is no living creature on earth but its sustenance depends entirely
upon Allah Ta’ala.” [Al-Qur’aan 11:6]

Our duty is to become law-abiding servants of Allah Ta’ala and then have
faith and trust in Him that He will create and provide enough food for all.
Allah Ta’ala says in the Qur’aan: –

And if anyone puts his trust in Allah, sufficient is Allah for him.”

Islam in fact teaches us to practise the exact opposite of birth control
and family planning. In a Hadith Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)

has encouraged us to increase *our progeny: –

“Marry those women who show great affection and who are highly fertile;

for surely I shall feel honoured (on the Day of Qiyamah) due to your large

numbers.” ( Mishkaat, Pg. 267).*

An inquiring mind may raise the question that if we are going to increase
our progeny, where are we going to get the food for the extra mouths? Well,
the solution to that question has also been provided by Rasulullah
(Sallallahu alayhi wasallam): –

“Sustenance is provided for you due to the barakah (blessings) of your
innocent and weak subordinates.” [Al-Hadeeth].

In other words, the more dependants one has, the more Allah Ta’ala
increases sustenance.

As far as the Western World’s so-called “solution” of abortion is
concerned, such a callous step would be tantamount to murdering one’s own
offspring. The Qur’aan says: –

“Kill not your children for fear of want; We shall provide for them as
well as for you. Surely, killing them is a great sin.” [Al-Qur’aan, 17:31].

In a similar vein, birth control has also been likened to burying a child
alive (as was quoted earlier on from a Hadeeth of Mishkaat), because one is
basically “killing” sperm that has the potential of initiating conception
in the womb of the mother.

Hence, to resort to birth control and abortion merely due to the fear that
one will not be able to provide for the extra mouths is something that is
severely condemned and shunned by Islam.

Islam does not provide solutions in the guise of barbaric and nonsensical
theories such as unwarranted abortions and birth-control policies. Islam’s
solutions are simple and forthright and those are that we should:-

(i) Strengthen our Imaan and carry out the commandments of Allah Ta’ala,
thereby attracting His Mercies and Bounties.

(ii) Continue to increase the numbers of the Muslim Ummah.

(iii) Make the effort on our part in earning income from Halaal sources.

(iv)Place our trust in Allah Ta’ala that He will give Barakah in our
earnings and allow it to suffice for all our dependants.

(v) Utilize whatever is left over in channels of Zakaat and Lillah so as to
assist those who are less fortunate.

If we were to implement this five-point strategy, we would Insha-Allah
bring about a better world to live in and there would be little or no
starving mouths left to feed.

Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Qur’aan:-

“He who fears Allah Ta’ala, for him He prepares a way out, and He provides
for him from sources he could never imagine.”  [65:2]

Look at the unique power of having trust in Allah Ta’ala, as extolled in
the following Hadith:-

*” Surely if you will trust Allah Ta’ala as you really ought to, then He

will provide for you in the same way as He provides for the birds who rise
and leave early in the morning with hungry stomachs but return in the

evening fully nourished and satiated.” (Mishkaat, Pg. 452).*

“These are events of the Unseen which We reveal by inspiration unto thee.”
[Al-Qur’aan, Surah Yusuf, 12:102].

Let us rather ponder over the imminent signs of Qiyaamah so that we can
prepare ourselves adequately for the Aakhirah. The Western World’s  “probing”
into the future is based merely on speculation which creates unnecessary
panic and pandemonium and causes the masses to indulge in Haraam acts such
as unwarranted birth control exercises, abortions, etc.


(Al-Mahmood by Mufti Ebrahim Desai)

Almighty Allah Ta’ala says in the Quran: “Life is from a decree of my
Lord.” (Surah 12 Verse 85). The above verse is self explanatory on the

sanctity and significance of life. Generally every decree is from Allah
Ta’ala but the honour of attribution increases its sanctity and demands its
highest level of reverence. This command is mentioned in many verses of the

Noble Quran – Allah Ta’ala says: *”Whosoever has spared the life of a soul,

it is as though he has spared the life of all people. Whosoever has killed

a soul, it is as though he has murdered all of mankind.”* (Surah 5 Verse 32)

The above should suffice to express the sanctity of the Rooh (life). The
Noble Qur’an describes the various stages of man’s primordial development
but it does not specify the exact duration of each state. In one verse of

the Noble Qur’an, Almighty Allah Ta’ala says, *”Man, We did create from a

quintessence (of clay); then We placed him as (a drop of) sperm in a place
of rest, firmly fixed; then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed
blood; then of that clot We made a (foetus) lump; then We made out of that
lump bones, and clothed the bones with flesh; then We developed out of it

another creature: So blessed be Allah, the best to create.”* (Surah 23

Verses 12 and 14)

In a Hadith related by Bukhari and Muslim, our beloved Rasulullah
(Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Verily the creation of each one of you
is brought together in his mother’s belly for forty days in the form of a
seed, then he is a clot of blood for a like period, then an angel is sent
to him who blows the breath of life into him…”

Based on the above references, Muslim jurists have deduced that the first
four months (120 days) of gestation is the crucial time period. After this
the foetus is regarded as being ‘alive’ and an abortion is not permissible
for any reason whatsoever; and, should an abortion be done then it would
constitute murder. Thus an abortion may be performed within the 120 days

period only if there is a valid Shar’ee reason. (Family Planning and
Abortion, by Qaadhi Mujahidul Islam, published by the IMA of South Africa)

Ta’ala says, “And do not assist in sin”. (Surah 5 Aayat 2).

The Fuqaha have explained the extent of the prohibition in assisting in
sin. If the assistance is the motivating factor and the only reason for
committing the sin, then such assistance is prohibited. For example, a
person provokes a non- Muslim by speaking evil about his idols; he in turn
speaks evil of Allah (Allah forbid). The provocation was the motivating
factor of speaking evil of Allah. Similarly, if a person deals in such
things that are used only for committing sin, for example, the sale of
musical items, then that assistance is sinful and forbidden.

If the assistance is not the motivating factor for committing the sin but
the sin is committed by an independent perpetrator, for example, a hawker
sells grapes to a person who makes wine. The hawker does not know the
intention of the consumer; neither does he make the wine himself. The
selling of grapes by the hawker will not be assisting in sin.

A Muslim health professional is duty bound to obey the laws of Shari’ah in
his profession. The role of the doctor in abortion is analogous to a person
who deals in things used only to commit sin. Therefore he cannot perform an
abortion prohibited in the Shari’ah, for example, after 120 days or even
motivate such an abortion.

   1. If the patient is determined to have an abortion prohibited in the

   Shariah, then it is not permissible for the doctor to make any referrals.
By doing so, he/she will be assisting in sin.

   1. a) If the medical personnel are not aware that the patient requires

   abortion (which is prohibited in the Shari’ah), then these services will
not be regarded as assisting in sin. If they are aware of the patient’s
intention of having a prohibited abortion in the Shari’ah, then it is not
permissible for them to offer their services in clerking such patients.

b) Writing out a prescription for an abortifacient patient drug as well as
physically handing the drug for abortion is prohibited in the Shari’ah as
that will be assisting in sin, hence not permissible.

c) To evacuate the uterus after partial abortion and treating a patient
from sepsis shock, etc. after abortion is permissible. The service of the
doctor is after the patient has committed the sin.

   1. a) If the anaesthetist is aware that the patient is undergoing an

   abortion, he or she cannot provide his or her services.

b) A Muslim anaesthetist may offer his or her service in a miscarriage even
though he or she discovers that the miscarriage is due to a premeditated
termination. According to our understanding the anesthetist will not induce
the miscarriage.

   1. It is not permissible for a Muslim pharmacist to dispense medication

   prescribed to induce an abortion prohibited in the Shari’ah since it will
be assisting in a sinful act.

   1. It is permissible for Muslim nursing staff to nurse patients during

   the pain and bleeding following the abortion.

The second part of your queries about the Indian Laws of Abortion has
already been answered in detail above.

May Allah guide all of us to the straight path, and guide us to that which
pleases Him.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best *

Wassalamu Alaykum

Ml. Mohammad Ashhad bin Said

Correspondence Iftaa Student, Mauritius

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah*


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