Masa’lah: It is not permissible to remove a portion of the hair whilst leaving the remaining portion intact. This is referred to as Qaza’ in Arabic.
Masa’lah: It is not permissible for women to shave or cut their hair. However, it is permissible on medical grounds. Nabi sallallahu alaihi wa sallam prohibited free women from allowing their hair to drop onto the shoulders (by cutting it short). (Faidul Qadeer, vol 6, page312) A woman who cuts her hair imitates a man and Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam cursed those women who emulate males. Emulation of the kuffar is also haram. Nabi sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said that one who imitates a nation becomes of them. It is the style of non-Muslim women to cut their hair. It is also in conflict with the natural beauty which Allah has bestowed to a woman. Allah Tala has chosen long hair for women and short hair for males. According to a hadith of Nabi sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, Allah has created a special group of angels whose duty it is to perpetually hymn the following tasbeeh: “Glory unto Allah who has glorified men with beards and women with long hair.” Acting in violation of this natural virtue bestowed by Allah Tala is a major sin. According to the Quran (4:119), when Allah expelled shaitan from the heavens, he took an oath that he will mislead human beings by inducing them to change and tamper with their natural appearances. A woman cutting her natural long hair acts in fulfillment of shaitan’s pledge of misguidance. It is a satanic act ensuing in the wake of the adoption of western profligacy. Many unwary or misinformed women are being led astray by a Hadith appearing in Muslim Shareef which states that the wives of Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam used to trim the hair of their heads until it reached a length likewafrah. [Wafrah has different meanings: It may be hair collected upon the head or hair hanging down upon the ears or hair extending to the lobes of the ears only. (Lanes Arabic – English Lexicon)] On the basis of such Ahadith, many women had been misled to cut their tresses short. However the apparent meaning is a far cry from the actual meaning of the Hadith. Hadhrat Thanwi, in response to such misinterpretations states: “There are numerous authentic Ahadith prohibiting the cutting of hair for women. As for the afore-mentioned Hadith, it constitutes numerous probabilities – i.e. the purport of the Hadith is indefinite. Therefore, it’s prohibition remains intact and permissibility null and void. Also, the object of cutting is to emulate the kuffar. Hence, another notch to enhance its prohibition. Secondly, the word ‘wafrah‘ as stated in the length of their hair also signifies a length of hair falling well below the shoulders – (as recorded by Ismaee’).” Another factor to be noted is that the Hadith is mentioned under the chapter of Ghusl, thereby indicating that they (the wives) collected their hair on their heads and these lopped up to the ears whilst bathing. Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Uthmani has explained this Hadith in the following words: – “In my opinion, the Hadith explains that the wives of the Apostle (may peace be upon him) used to curtail the hanging hair and bind them on the back of their heads or on their heads as is commonly done by old ladies of our time or by women while taking a bath, especially after washing the head. If the hair is not twisted and is allowed to hang down, the water trickles down over the body.” (Fathul-Mulhim vol.1 p. 472) Hence, it is totally prohibited for women to distort their long tresses by cutting them, and the Hadith apparently condoning such a practice holds no weight whatsoever as far as granting them permission to cut their hair is concerned.