Zul Hijjah, Eidul Adha -DUA BEFORE AND AFTER ZABAH


A plate served to guests during Eid-al-Adha, i...

A plate served to guests during Eid-al-Adha, in Turkish traditions. It contains dolma (sarma, stuffed vine leaves), börek (a traditional Turkish pastry), and kavurma with a little piece of traditional home-baked bread… kavurma is a meat meal served during Eid-al-Adha and almost always made from the meat of the sacrificed animal (Eid-al-Adha being the Muslim holiday of sacrifice). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

qurban 8

qurban 8 (Photo credit: zainiabdullahpjk@zakulaan)

May Allah accept this noble effort of ours, make it a means of guidance for the Ummah and keep us steadfast on the straight path. Ameen.
16. DUA BEFORE AND AFTER ZABAH
At time of Zabah the animal should be laid with its throat towards the Oibla. Before the Zabah, read: Inni wajahtu wajhiya lillahi fatarassamawati warlarda hanilow wamaan minal Mushrikin. Inna salati wansuki wamahyaya wam­mamati Lillahi Rabbil Alamin. Lasharikalahu wabidhalika umirtu minal muslimin Allahumma minka walaka.
Translation: ‘For me, I have set my face, firmly and truly towards him who created the heavens and the earth. And never shall I give partners to Allah. Verily my worship and my sacrifice, my living and my dying are tor Allah. Rabb of the worlds, 0 Allah this Sacrifice is from you and is for you’.
17. WHILE SLAUGHTERING THE ANIMAL SAY
Bismillahi Allahu Akbar.
Translation: In the name of Allah, Allah is great.
18. DUA TO BE RECITED AFTER ZABAH (SACRIFICE)
After the Zabah is completed recite: ALLAHUMMA TAQABBALHU MINNI-KAMA TAQABBALTA MIN HABIBIKA MUHAMMADIN WA KHALI-LIKA IBRAHIMA ALAI HEMUSALATU WASSALAM.
Translation: ‘0 Allah accept from me (this sacrifice) like you have accepted from Your beloved Muhammad and Your friend Ibrahim. Peace be upon them’.
If a person has not memorised the Dua, it is correct that he slaughter the animal with the Niyjat of Ourbani and the recital of ‘Bismillahi Allahu Akbar’. If a Muslim knows how to make Zabah properly it is Mustahab (desirable) that he make it with his own hand. If one is unable to do so, it is better to delegate the Zabah to another Muslim who knows the requirements of proper Islamic Zabah. A Muslim woman if she is capable should also make the Zabah herself. In any case it is desirable that the person for whom the Qurbani is being made should be present at the sacrifice. Do not sharpen the knife after the animal has been caught for sacrifice; all preparations should be made beforehand.
19. THE QURBANI MEAT
The meat of the animal to be shared by the partners and should be distributed by weight and not by estimation. If the actual weighing is not practicable due to some reason, and all the partners agree to distribute the meat without weighing, distribution by guess can be done with the condition that each share necessarily contains either a leg of the animal or some quantity of its liver. The Ourbani meat should be divided into three parts. One part should be kept for the the family, one for relatives and friends, and one for the poor and needy. One who has a large family could be given all the meat. It is Haraarn to sell the Qurbani meat.
The slaughterer, (skinner etc.) cannot be given the skin or meat in payment. A separate remuneration must be given one. There is no objection to giving the meat to needy non-muslims. One can keep all the meat, if one so desires.
20. SKIN OF THE QURBANI ANIMAL
  • The skin of the Qurbani animal could be kept for personal use, such as tanning the skin and using it as a Musallah (prayer mat), a water bag or something else. If it is sold, that amount cannot be used and it is Wajib to give away in sadaqah.
  • A skin of the Qurbani animal cannot be sold without the Niyyah of sadaqah (Alamgiri).
  • The Qurbani skin cannot be given in lieu of any services. An Imaam, Mu’azzin etc. cannot be given this in lieu of their services.
  • A needy Muslim engaged in religious activities could be given the skin as sadaqah, and it is preferable to do so.
21. MASAA-IL ON QURBANI (SHAAFI MAZHAB)
  • Qurbani is Sunnatul Muakkadah ala Kifaayah. l.e. if a few members in the community make the Qurbani, the duty will be discharged on behalf of the whole community. But, this does not mean that one should be negligent regarding the Qurbani. Whoever can afford it should not miss the opportunity of offering the sacrifice. According to Imam Shaffi (RA) it is Makrooh (reprehensible) for one who can afford the Qurbani, not to make it.
  • Once the intention is made to make the Qurbani, then it no longer remains Sunnats, but becomes compulsory. The Niyyat which will transform the Sunnat Qurbani into a compulsory sacrifice making the niyaat to the effect: “I intend this animal as a sacrifice”.
  • If an animal is purchased with the intention of Qurbani and the animal is lost or destroyed through no fault of the purchaser, then it will not be obligatory to replace the animal.
  • It is Sunnat for one to make his own Qurbani with his own hands if he has the ability to do so. But, a woman should let someone else make the “Zabah” (slaughter) on her behalf.
  • It is Sunnat for one to look on when one’s animal is being sacrificed.
  • It is Sunnat for the one who intends making the Qurbani not to cut any of his nails or remove any hairs from the body until after the Qurbani has been offered (i.e, from the 1st Zil-Hajj until after sacrifice the animal.)
  • If a sheep has not yet attained the age of one year then its Qurbani could be made if the following two conditions are present: (i) It must not be under six months. (ii) Its front teeth must have been replaced with a new set.
  • It is not permissible to make Qurbani on behalf of a living person without his permission nor is it permissible to make Qurbani on behalf of a deceased if a Wasiyaat (bequest) was not made by the deceased.
  • It is not permissible to make Qurbaani of defective animals, e.g. blindness in one eye or both eyes; so much lameness that it cannot keep up with the flock; severe sickness which makes the flesh defective; an animal suffering from scabies; an animal with the ear or part of the ear cut (not necessarily one third as is the Hanafi Mazhab); an animal with the tailor part of the tail cut. Broken horns will not be considered as a defect.
  • If a vow was made unto Allah Ta’ala to make Qurbani of a particular animal and that animal happens to be defective, then it shall have to be sacrificed not withstanding the defects.
  • The period of Qurbani is from after the Eid Salaat until sunset of the 12th Zil-Hajj.
  • At the time of slaughtering the animal, it is compulsory to make the Niyyat (intention) of Qurbani otherwise the sacrifice will not be valid.
  • It is Sunnat to divide the flesh into three parts; one part for the poor; one part for friends and relatives; and one part for one’s own use. It is Waajib (compulsory) to give at least some of the flesh to the poor, It is Afdhal (better and of greater Sawaab) to give all the meat to the poor. But, if all the meat is given out, a few pieces should be kept for one’s own use so that one will not be deprived of the Barakat. It is not permissible to use more than one-third for one’s own use.
  • It is not permissible to give Qurbani flesh to non-Muslims.
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