Zul Hijjah, Eidul Adha & Qurbani Part 3
May Allah accept this noble effort of ours, make it a means of guidance for the Ummah and keep us steadfast on the straight path. Ameen.
11. ABOUT ANIMALS THAT CAN BE SACRIFICED
- These are the animals that can be sacrificed: Both male and female goats, sheep, buffaloes and camels. Also oxen and cows. No other animals is permitted.
- Up to seven people can become share-holders in a single cow, buffalo or a camel, providing that: (a) no share is less than a seventh part and (b) the intention of every share-holder is either Qurbani or Aquiqua, and not mere partaking of the meat.
- If the share-holders are less than seven, then too, no one should be a partner in less than a seventh part.
12. AGES OF ANIMALS
Sheep and goats should not be less than a year old (but a very healthy sheep or ram over six months old may be used for sacrifice also). Cows and buffaloes not less than two years and camels not less than five years old.
13. QUALITIES OF ANIMALS
- The under-mentioned animals are not permissible for Qurbani: (a) Blind. (b) One-eyed. (c) One that has lost a third or more eye-sight of one eye. (d) An animal whose one third or more than one third ear or tail is cut off. (e) A lame animal which walks with only three legs and is unable to place its fourth foot on the ground, or places it on the ground but is unable to walk with it but if it can walk with it although it may be lame, then such an animal is permissible for Qurbani. (f) A tooth-less animal, but if only a few teeth have fallen off then it is permissible. (g) An animal born without ears, but an animal with very small ears is permissible. (h) A hornless animal or one with broken horns is also permissible, but if the horn is broken off right from the root, then such an animal is not permissible.
- A castrated animal is permissible. This type of goat is preferable.
- If an animal becomes disqualified after it has been bought, it should be replaced, but if the owner is a poor man, upon whom Qurbani is not compulsory, then he may sacrifice the same animal.
- Sacrifice is permissible in day time as well as in the night, but it is not advisable at night, lest a vein may not be well cut, thus rendering Qurbani unlawful.
- It is better to slaughter the animal yourself. If you are unable to do so, then it is better to be present infront of the animal.
- It is essential to utter the words of the Niyat and Duaa before slaughtering.
- It is quite in order to slaughter while uttering the word BISMILLAHI ALLAHU AKBAR and thinking in his heart that he is slaughtering.
- It is mustahab to buy the animal in advance, feed it, attend to it, look after it and then sacrifice it. It is related of Hazrat Shaikhul Hind -MOULANA MAHMOODUL HASAN may Allah Ta’alah enlighten his resting place and fill it with noor (light), (who was the first student of Darul Uloom Deoband and later became the Shaikul Hadith), that immediately after Eidul Adha he used to buy the animal for Qurbani for the following year, feed it himself and attend to it throughout the year. The animal used to become so deeply attached to Hazrat Moulana (RA) that it used to accompany him to the Darul Hadlth and then returned home with him.
On the day of Eid when making Qurbani of this animal Moulana used to cry, so did the other members of the family as they grew very attached to the animal.
- Mas’alah: It is not permissible to milk an animal that has been selected for Qurbani, nor should its wool be sheared or hair be cut. If due to some necessity it was milked, then this should be given away as sadaqah. Likewise, if the hair or wool was cut, this should be given away as sadaqah.
- Mas’alah: It is Mustahab to razor-sharpen the knife before slaughtering so that the animal will not suffer unduly. After slaughtering, the animal should not be skinned or cut up into pieces before it completely becomes cold. One animal should not be slaughtered in the presence of another animal.
- Mas’alah: It is Mustahab for the person slaughtering the Qurbani to face the Qiblah.
14. THE TIME FOR QURBANI
In those habitations and towns where it is permissible to perform Jumu’ah, thoro is not permissible to perform the Ourbani before the Eid Salaat. If someone has performed this Ibaadah before the Eid Salaat it will have to be repeated. In those small villages where the Jornu’ah and Eidayn are not performed, the inhabitants of these places may perform Ourbani after Subh Saadiq (true dawn) on the tenth day (of Zul Hijjah). I n the case where for some reason the Eid Salaat could not be performed after the normal Eid Salaat time, it is permissible, but not preferable to perform Ourbani at night. (Shaami).
15. AYYAM (DAYS) OF TASHRIQ
These days begin after Fajr on the 9th Zul-Hajj and end after Asr on the 13th Zul-Hajj. It is Wajib for every adult Muslim to recite the Takbirat of Tashriq audibly after every Fard Salaah which is performed with Jamat during this period (23 Salawath).
These are the Takbirs to be recited: Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar La-ilaha illallahu wallahu Akbar Allahu Akbar walillahil Hamd. Translation: ‘Allah is Great, Allah is Great. There is no Deity besides Allah. And Allah is great. Allah is great and all praises belong to Him alone.
It is mustahab for those who say their prayers singly (men or women) and Musafirs (travellers) to recite these Takbir softly.